THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW (Chapters 11-28)



Volume 2

Volume 2
(Chapters 11 to 28)


Translated with an Introduction and Interpretation


Revised Edition
Copyright (c) 1975 William Barclay
First published by The Saint Andrew Press
Edinburgh, Scotland
First Edition, June, 1957
Second Edition, June, 1958
Published by The Westminster Press (R)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Library of Congress Cataloging In Publication Data

Bible. N.T. Matthew. English. Barclay. 1975.
The Gospel of Matthew.

(The Daily study Bible series.–Rev. ed.)
1. Bible. N.T. Matthew–Commentaries. I. Barclay,
William, lecturer in the University of Glasgow, ed.
II. Title. III. Series.
BS2573 1975 226′.2’077 74-28251
ISBN 0-664-21301-4 (v. 2)
ISBN 0-664-24101-8 (v. 2) pbk.


The Daily Study Bible series has always had one aim–to convey the results of scholarship to the ordinary reader. A. S. Peake delighted in the saying that he was a “theological middleman”, and I would be happy if the same could be said of me in regard to these volumes. And yet the primary aim of the series has never been academic. It could be summed up in the famous words of Richard of Chichester’s prayer–to enable men and women “to know Jesus Christ more clearly, to love him more dearly, and to follow him more nearly”.

It is all of twenty years since the first volume of The Daily Study Bible was published. The series was the brain-child of the late Rev. Andrew McCosh, M.A., S.T.M., the then Secretary and Manager of the Committee on Publications of the Church of Scotland, and of the late Rev. R. G. Macdonaid, O.B.E., M.A., D.D., its Convener.

It is a great joy to me to know that all through the years The Daily Study Bible has been used at home and abroad, by minister, by missionary, by student and by layman, and that it has been translated into many different languages. Now, after so many printings, it has become necessary to renew the printer’s type and the opportunity has been taken to restyle the books, to correct some errors in the text and to remove some references which have become outdated. At the same time, the Biblical quotations within the text have been changed to use the Revised Standard Version, but my own original translation of the New Testament passages has been retained at the beginning of each daily section.

There is one debt which I would be sadly lacking in courtesy if I did not acknowledge. The work of revision and correction has been done entirely by the Rev. James Martin, M.A., B.D., Minister of High Carntyne Church, Glasgow. Had it not been for him this task would never have been undertaken, and it is impossible for me to thank him enough for the selfless toil he has put into the revision of these books.

It is my prayer that God may continue to use The Daily Study Bible to enable men better to understand His word.



General Introduction

The Six Accents in the Voice of Jesus
The Accent of Confidence (Matt. 11:1-6)
The Accent of Admiration (Matt. 11:7-11)
Violence and the Kingdom (Matt. 11:12-15)
The Accent of Sorrowful Rebuke (Matt. 11:16-19)
The Accent of Heartbroken Condemnation (Matt. 11:20-24)
The Accent of Authority (Matt. 11:25-27)
The Accent of Compassion (Matt. 11:28-30)
Breaking the Sabbath Law (Matt. 12:1-8)
The Claim of Human Need (Matt. 12:1-8)
Master of the Sabbath (Matt. 12:1-8)
Love and Law (Matt. 12:9-14)
The Challenge Accepted (Matt. 12:9-14)
The Characteristics of the Servant of the Lord (Matt. 12:15-21)
Satan’s Defences are Breached (Matt. 12:22-29)
The Jewish Exorcists (Matt. 12:22-29)
The Impossibility of Neutrality (Matt. 12:30)
The Sin Beyond Forgiveness (Matt. 12:31-33)
The Lost Awareness (Matt. 12:31-33)
Hearts and Words (Matt. 12:34-37)
The Only Sign (Matt. 12:38-42)
The Peril of the Empty Heart (Matt. 12:43-45)
True Kinship (Matt. 12:46-50)
Many Things in Parables
The Sower went out to Sow (Matt. 13:1-9,18-23)
The Word and the Hearer (Matt. 13:1-9,18-23)
No Despair (Matt. 13:1-9,18-23)
The Truth and the Listener (Matt. 13:10-17,34,35)
Life’s Stern Law (Matt. 13:10-17,34,35)
Man’s Blindness and God’s Purpose (Matt. 13:10-17,34,35)
The Act of an Enemy (Matt. 13:24-30,36-43)
The Time for Judgment (Matt. 13:24-30,36-43)
The Small Beginning (Matt. 13:31-32)
The Transforming Power of Christ (Matt. 13:33)
The Working of the Leaven (Matt. 13:33)
All in the Day’s Work (Matt. 13:44)
The Precious Pearl (Matt. 13:45-46)
The Catch and the Separation (Matt. 13:47-50)
Old Gifts used in a New Way (Matt. 13:51-52)
The Barrier of Unbelief (Matt. 13:53-58)
The Tragic Drama of John the Baptist (Matt. 14:1-12)
The Fall of Herod (Matt. 14:1-12)
Compassion and Power (Matt. 14:13-21)
The Place of the Disciple in the Work of Christ (Matt. 14:13-21)
The Making of a Miracle (Matt. 14:13-21)
In the Hour of Trouble (Matt. 14:22-27)
Collapse and Recovery (Matt. 14:28-33)
The Ministry of Christ (Matt. 14:34-36)
Clean and Unclean (Matt. 15:1-9)
The Foods which Enter into a Man (Matt. 15:1-9)
The Ways of Cleansing (Matt. 15:1-9)
Breaking God’s Law to Keep Man’s Law (Matt. 15:1-9)
The Real Goodness and the Real Evil (Matt. 15:10-20)
Faith Tested and Faith Answered (Matt. 15:21-28)
The Faith which Won the Blessing (Matt. 15:21-28)
The Bread of Life (Matt. 15:29-39)
The Graciousness of Jesus (Matt. 15:29-39)
Blind to the Signs (Matt. 16:1-4)
The Dangerous Leaven (Matt. 16:5-12)
The Scene of the Great Discovery (Matt. 16:13-16)
The Inadequacy of Human Categories (Matt. 16:13-16)
The Great Promise (Matt. 16:17-19)
The Gates of Hell (Matt. 16:17-19)
The Place of Peter (Matt. 16:17-19)
The Great Rebuke (Matt. 16:20-23)
The Challenge behind the Rebuke (Matt. 16:20-23)
The Great Challenge (Matt. 16:24-26)
Losing and Finding Life (Matt. 16:24-26)
The Warning and the Promise (Matt. 16:27-28)
The Mount of Transfiguration (Matt. 17:1-8)
The Benediction of the Past (Matt. 17:1-8)
The Instruction of Peter (Matt. 17:1-8)
Teaching the Way of the Cross (Matt. 17:9-13,22,23)
The Essential Faith (Matt. 17:14-20)
The Temple Tax (Matt. 17:24-27)
How to Pay Our Debts (Matt. 17:24-27)
Personal Relationships
The Mind of a Child (Matt. 18:1-4)
Christ and the Child (Matt. 18:5-7,10)
The Terrible Responsibility (Matt. 18:5-7,10)
The Surgical Excision (Matt. 18:8-9)
The Shepherd and the Lost Sheep (Matt. 18:12-14)
Seeking the Stubborn (Matt. 18:15-18)
The Power of the Presence (Matt. 18:19-20)
How to Forgive (Matt. 18:21-35)
Jewish Marriage and Divorce (Matt. 19:1-9)
Jewish Grounds of Divorce (Matt. 19:1-9)
The Answer of Jesus (Matt. 19:1-9)
The High Ideal (Matt. 19:1-9)
The Realization of the Ideal (Matt. 19:10-12)
Marriage and Divorce (Matt. 19:10-12)
Jesus’ Welcome for the Children (Matt. 19:13-15)
The Great Refusal (Matt. 19:16-22)
The Peril of Riches (Matt. 19:23-26)
A Wise Answer to a Mistaken Question (Matt. 19:27-30)
The Master Seeks His Workers (Matt. 20:1-16)
Work and Wages in the Kingdom of God (Matt. 20:1-16)
Towards the Cross (Matt. 20:17-19)
The False and the True Ambition (Matt. 20:20-28)
The Mind of Jesus (Matt. 20:20-28)
The Christian Revolution (Matt. 20:20-28)
The Lordship of the Cross (Matt. 20:20-28)
Love’s Answer to Need’s Appeal (Matt. 20:29-34)
The Beginning of the Last Act of the Drama (Matt. 21:1-11)
The Intention of Jesus (Matt. 21:1-11)
The Claim of the King (Matt. 21:1-11)
The Scene in the Temple (Matt. 21:12-14)
The Wrath and the Love (Matt. 21:12-14)
The Knowledge of the Simple in Heart (Matt. 21:15-17)
The Way of the Fig Tree (Matt. 21:18-22)
Promise Without Performance (Matt. 21:18-22)
The Dynamic of Prayer (Matt. 21:18-22)
The Expedient Ignorance (Matt. 21:23-27)
The Better of Two Bad Sons (Matt. 21:28-32)
The Vineyard of the Lord (Matt. 21:33-46)
Privilege and Responsibility (Matt. 21:33-46)
The Symbol of the Stone (Matt. 21:33-46)
Joy and Judgment (Matt. 22:1-10)
The Scrutiny of the King (Matt. 22:11-14)
Human and Divine Right (Matt. 22:15-22)
The Living God of Living Men (Matt. 22:23-33)
Duty to God and Duty to Man (Matt. 22:34-40)
New Horizons (Matt. 22:41-46)
Scribes and Pharisees
Making Religion a Burden (Matt. 23:1-4)
The Religion of Ostentation (Matt. 23:5-12)
Shutting the Door (Matt. 23:13)
Missionaries of Evil (Matt. 23:15)
The Science of Evasion (Matt. 23:16-22)
The Lost Sense of Proportion (Matt. 23:23-24)
The Real Cleanness (Matt. 23:25-26)
Disguised Decay (Matt. 23:27-28)
The Taint of Murder (Matt. 23:29-36)
The Rejection of Love’s Appeal (Matt. 23:37-39)
The Vision of Things to Come
The Vision of the Future (Matt. 24:1-31)
The Interweaving of the Strands
The Doom of the Holy City (Matt. 24:1-2)
The Grim Terror of the Siege (Matt. 24:15-22)
The Day of the Lord (Matt. 24:6-8,29-31)
The Persecution to Come (Matt. 24:9-10)
Threats to the Faith (Matt. 24:4-5,11-13,23-26)
The Coming of the King (Matt. 24:3,14,27,28)
The Coming of the King (Matt. 24:32-41)
Ready for the Coming of the King (Matt. 24:42-51)
The Fate of the Unprepared (Matt. 25:1-13)
The Condemnation of the Buried Talent (Matt. 25:14-30)
God’s Standard of Judgment (Matt. 25:31-46)
The Beginning of the Last Act of the Tragedy (Matt. 26:1-5)
Love’s Extravagance (Matt. 26:6-13)
The Last Hours in the Life of the Traitor
The Traitor’s Bargain (Matt. 26:14-16)
Love’s Last Appeal (Matt. 26:20-25)
The Traitor’s Kiss (Matt. 26:47-50)
The Traitor’s End (Matt. 27:3-10)
The Last Supper
The Ancestral Feast (Matt. 26:17-19)
His Body and His Blood (Matt. 26:26-30)
The Collapse of Peter
The Master’s Warning (Matt. 26:31-35)
The Failure of Courage (Matt. 26:57-58,69-75)
The Soul’s Battle in the Garden (Matt. 26:36-46)
The Arrest in the Garden (Matt. 26:50-56)
The Trial before the Jews (Matt. 26:57,59-68)
The Crime of Christ (Matt. 26:57,59-68)
The Man who Sentenced Jesus to Death (Matt. 27:1-2,11-26)
Pilate’s Losing Struggle (Matt. 27:1-2,11-26)
The Soldiers’ Mockery (Matt. 27:27-31)
The Cross and the Shame (Matt. 27:32-44)
The Triumph of the End (Matt. 27:45-50)
The Blazing Revelation (Matt. 27:51-56)
The Gift of a Tomb (Matt. 27:57-61)

An Impossible Assignment (Matt. 27:62-66)

The Great Discovery (Matt. 28:1-10)
The Last Resort (Matt. 28:11-15)
The Glory of the Final Promise (Matt. 28:16-20)

Further Reading

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