Healing of the Man with Dropsy on the Sabbath
OTHER HOMILY SOURCES:
Two key questions are raised by Jesus in today’s gospel: 1. “Is it lawful to cure on the Sabbath or not?” 2. “Who among you, if your son or ox falls into a cistern, would not immediately pull him out on the Sabbath day?”
As usually happens in his dealings with the Pharisees and the scholars of the law, Jesus is now thrown into a situation of conflict. On the one hand, there is the law of the Sabbath rest: clearly, no such action as healing a sick person is allowed on the Sabbath day. On the other hand, there is the urgent need of the suffering man to be healed by him who alone can do it.
But would Jesus do it? Jesus’ unfriendly company is eager to find out. And so they watch him closely. Jesus resolves the conflict by restoring the man to health.
Then Jesus ask his second question, thereby unmasking his hearers. They would surely allow for an exception to their strict observance of the Sabbath law when it comes to rescuing a son or an ox of theirs. They can only remain silent now before the inquiring Jesus, their hypocrisy laid bare.
What should it be really: law vs. love? Or love through the law?
Apparently, the Jewish scholars of the law and the Pharisees were operating on the principle of law vs. love. They were well-meaning. They meant to love God and they wanted to express that love by being faithful to the law. Even when the demand of the moment was for them expressing their love for God through loving a fellow human being in bad need of help, they would still stubbornly stick to the letter of the law (except whether their own son or ox was in question). In effect, the law became a stumbling block to love.
In contrast, Jesus was quick to respond to the need of the suffering (even if the suffering person were planted). For him love of God is best expressed in love of neighbor.
Truly, in Jesus’ way, every expression of love is a proclamation of love. (Fr. Cornelio Alpuerto, SVD Bible Diary 2004)
A liturgy professor in one of the seminaries here in Austria always got in trouble with his confreres because of his extremely outdated way of celebrating liturgy. When he celebrated the mass, he literally followed what is written in the liturgical books and provided no room for any creativity. And every time he saw other priests who did not do the same, he easily got angry. And worst, he became selective in attending the mass depending on who the main celebrant was.
Today’s gospel reading presents a similar situation. It reminds us that religious laws are intended to make us good and holy. Jesus shows to the scholars of the law and to the Pharisees, an ancient Jewish religious group who believed that people should obey religious laws in strict way, that there is something more important than the law itself, that is, the human person. The fact that he came and offered his own life on the cross so that we might be saved from death and to have life that never ends, there must be something in us that is so precious in the eyes of the Lord. (Fr. Cirilo Boloron, Jr. SVD Bible Diary 2006)
When I was still a seminarian, I was assigned for ‘regency’ (one-year period of exposure outside) at the archdiocesan seminary in Binmaley, Pangasinan. I remember how the rector who was prayerful and a stickler of the rules would make snide remarks about the younger members of the community.
“Priests nowadays are fond of going to movies and socializing,” he would complain, taking potshots at confreres during meals. It’s so much unlike before.”
One morning while the elderly priest was again talking sarcastically, a young confrere, who was out that previous night, must have felt personally offended. With his Caucasian face turning red like a ripe tomato, he blurted out, “Father, I’d rather enjoy a nice movie outside than sit here and talk about the faults of others. It’s uncharitable.” He stood up, pushed back his chair, which tumbled backwards and walked away.
A long silenced followed. The young priest’s point was: People could be ‘pious,’ say grace before meals but fail to be kind, considerate and charitable towards others.
How about us? Are we prayerful and regular Mass goers but cannot forgive a mother-in-law, a relative or a co-worker? Are we members of religious and renewal organizations but are harsh and unjust to our workers?
God requires a piety which involves not only our prayers but also our conduct and behavior. One without the other is hypocritical. And that is why the Lord reserved the harshest criticism against the Pharisees, despite their strict adherence to the Sabbath and religious laws. (Fr. bel San Luis, SVD Bible Diary 2008)
While the young Ninoy Aquino was serving as adviser to Sec. Ramon Magsaysay, the latter sent him as his personal emissary to Luis Taruc, leader of the HUKBALAHAP rebel group. After four months of intense negotiation the rebel leader surrendered. This even portrayed Sec. Magsaysay as reconciliatory – reaching out toward his perceived enemy.
Jesus never got tired of reaching out to all kinds of people. In the gospel today, He reached out to the Pharisees who were very critical of Him and considered Him to be their enemy. Jesus could choose to avoid them. In the first place, he knew of their open hostility against Him, yet Jesus went to the home of leading Pharisee to dine with them.
Jesus also reached out to the outcasts of society, those who were ritually unclean because of disease. In our gospel today, Jesus showed His concern for them by restoring a man with dropsy back to health.
These acts of reaching by Jesus are part and parcel of God’s own act of reaching out to all humanity. God sent His only son to live among us. Jesus, the Incarnate Son of God, is God reaching out to humankind. There is no doubt God values humanity so much.
People of different beliefs, cultures and social status are bound to each other and are called to form communities where there is acceptance, respect, care and concern for one another, inasmuch as God reaches out to us, so must we also reach out to one another. Jesus has set Himself as an example to be imitated. It is in reaching out that we become one in love. (Fr. Arnold C. Biago, SVD Bible Diary 2009)
Honoring the Lord’s Day
“If you keep your feet from breaking the Sabbath and from doing as you please on my holy day, if you call the Sabbath a delight and the LORD’s holy day honorable, and if you honor it by not going your own way and not doing as you please or speaking idle words, then you will find your joy in the LORD, and I will cause you to ride on the heights of the land and to feast on the inheritance of your father Jacob.” The mouth of the LORD has spoken. Isaiah 58:13-14 NIV
9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. 11 For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. Exodus 20:9-11 NIV
These passages addressed the law of keeping the Sabbath day or the Lord’s Day each week. Through Jesus we are not bound to the Mosaic law for salvation, but we are obligated to abide in God’s commands out of love for him and appreciation for what he did for us on the cross (John 15:10). When we do our best to live by God’s commands, we’ll benefit and enjoy his best for our lives.
With that in mind, I found some notable promises in these passages concerning honoring the Lord’s Day. Overall, God has blessed the Sabbath day and has made it holy. God said that if his people would honor the Sabbath, they would find the joy of the Lord, “ride on the heights of the land” and feast on the inheritance of Jacob. As sons of God through faith in Jesus, we too can benefit from these promises when we honor the Lord’s Day.
The joy of the Lord is something that hopefully every one of us desires. Life following Jesus is not meant to be drudgery. To ride on the heights of the land is to enjoy success in our jobs and be at peace with our neighbors. To feast on the inheritance of Jacob is to enjoy all the benefits of sonship through Christ (Romans 8:17). When we honor the Lord ’s Day each week, we will begin to discover these wonderful promises manifesting in our lives.
Additionally, there are some other common-sense reasons to honor the Lord’s Day. These include:
· We need a day to rest from our work, reconnect with God and prepare for the next week
· Even God rested after 6 days of work – we’re made in his image and likeness
· The Sabbath was important to God – so important, in fact, that the death penalty was imposed for those who broke it under the Mosaic system
Whether we regard Sunday, Saturday or any other day as the Lord’s Day, what is important is that we honor at least one day as the Lord’s. We should remember that our heart attitude is what matters most to God. It’s easy to get religious about what we do, while letting our hearts slip out of touch with God.
I’ve found it really helps to approach the Lord’s Day (Sunday for me) with the mindset that it is a day to put God first. I used to treat Sundays as an overflow day for projects, shopping and exercise. Not that those activities are wrong in themselves, but I was often doing them with only myself in mind. I now try to do things that help me focus on God on Sundays. I have noticed that my week goes much better after I’ve honored the Lord on Sundays.
I encourage you to consider how you might honor the Lord on a special day each week. In doing so, I believe you will enjoy the fulfillment of God’s promises.
Questions for further thought:
- What does it mean to rest in the Lord?
- God specifically mentioned that the Sabbath was not a day to “do as we please.” What are some ways that you have done what you pleased on the Lord’s Day?
- What are some ways you can improve your focus on the God on the Lord’s Day each week?
The Lord’s Day
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work.
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. (Exodus 20:8-11)
Strong’s “Hebrew Dictionary” shows the use of the words sabbath and sabbaths in the Old Testament to be defined as “intermission” or “special holiday:-rest, sabbath.” The word is sometimes used in reference to a weekly sabbath, and sometimes to special feast days. The word itself does not denote a certain day. The Hebrew people were commanded to regard the seventh day of the week as the weekly sabbath. They were also given special feasts such as that of Unleavened Bread, Passover, Firstfruits, Pentecost, etc.
There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. (Hebrews 4:9)
We have clear guidance from the Bible for the observing of “the Lord’s day” on the first day of the week, for a memorial of Christ’s resurrection as the seventh day had been a memorial of God’s finished work of creation.
In John 20:19, we find the disciples assembled on the first day of the week, and Jesus came and “stood in the midst.” In verse 26, we see that “after eight days again” the same thing happened. In Acts 2:1 we read:
“And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.”
There, they were again meeting on the first day of the week, and with the presence and approval of the Holy Spirit. Again in Acts 20:7, “upon the first day of the week” the Lord’s congregation “came together.” In I Corinthians 16:1-2, Paul giving instruction “concerning the collection,” said:
“Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.”
It was “on the Lord’s day” (Revelation 1:10) when Jesus appeared to John with the Revelation.
The holiday or day of special observance for a true Christian is “the Lord’s day,” the first day of the week. No other day should come any where close to our regard for, and the observance of “the Lord’s day.” That is the day which we are to observe in celebration of Jesus as resurrected Lord and Saviour. The Bible gives us instructions and examples for how to do it and when.
Just as those of old had the seventh day as a sabbath in honor of God’s completion of creation, we have the first day as our sabbath in honor of the completed work of Jesus. The Lord’s day should be the highest day of our life; it is the day to go all out. Nothing good should be held back in our observance and honoring of the Lord’s day. It is then that our gifts are to be given in honoring Jesus.
Jesus also gave us the observance of the Lord’s supper as an ordinance to His congregations, saying, “this do in remembrance of me” (Luke 22:19). The Bible gives us much clear instruction and teaching on this ordinance, and since it is also a part of our teaching in picture or typology, as is baptism, it is imperative that we follow the New Testament teachings on it with all sincerity and diligence.
Since Jesus no longer dwells with us in a physical body such as a baby in a manger, or a man on a cross, it is improper and degrading to worship Him as such. We do, however, have the presence of His body in the form of each of His congregations of saved and scripturally baptized followers. If we have gifts to give or honor to show unto Jesus, then it must properly be given to one of His congregations. If it is our desire to share the good news about Jesus with the world, it is to “be done decently and in order” (I Corinthians 14:40), and through one of the true congregations and bodies of Christ, not through some pagan holiday nor some man-made organization.
WHERE RESPECT BEGINS
(c) Copyright 2000 Rev. Bill Versteeg
Exodus 20:12 “Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.” (NIV)
Brothers and sisters in Christ:
Three weeks ago, in a Sunday evening service, we started looking at the 5th commandment “Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.” As we looked at that theme of being honorable parents (Link to Previous Sermon in Series), we found that honour attaches to what we are, not what we do. We found that one of the best gifts we can give to our children is being parents who are worthy of honour. We looked at what it means to be worthy of honour and we found that honour tends to be drawn toward three things within us:
Honour is drawn toward character: Character is that quality within a person that brings our good intentions into action, it is the bridge within us that turns our good intentions into actions. When we have heard it said – “The road to hell is paved with good intentions.” That statement is not saying that good intentions are pointless, rather it is saying that good intentions without character are pointless. Children easily read the good intentions within us, but they very quickly will recognize when we don’t practice what we preach, when our lack of character keeps our good intentions from becoming actions.
Honour is also attracted to a healthy conscience. One of the most important gifts that we can give to our children is that we ourselves be people of an acute and active conscience. Conscience we defined as the bridge between our moral values and our actions. Again, when children see that we will deny our own conscience, when children see that we act in a-moral ways, or ways that deny our own system of values, if they see us rationalizing so that we don’t need to listen to a conscience that is bothering us, they first of all will not find it easy to honour us because of our lack of conscience, secondly they will learn from us that the conscience is a bother, something not to be listened to at all times. They learn that conscience is an inconvienience. They learn to listen to the demands of their desires, wants and lusts. One of the worst things we can do for our children is not listen to our own conscience. Being a parent who not only knows the law of God but does it, keeping a clear conscience, is giving a gift to those who follow us and who follow our example. Paul in his leadership strove to do everything with a clean conscience. Acts 24:16 So I strive always to keep my conscience clear before God and man. I Tim 1:19 “Fight the good fight, holding on to faith and a good conscience.
Honour is also attracted to Courage. Courage is what bridges our faith into action. Its one thing to say to our children that we are people of faith, but if it doesn’t make any difference in your life, then your children learn that faith doesn’t have to make any real difference. However if by courage your faith can clearly be seen in your actions, in your testimony, in the way you deal with neighbours and trust in God to take care of you, your children learn that there is a strength behind you. This dynamic is very clear in the Lord’s instructions to King Hezekiah – 2 Chron 32: 7 “Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid or discouraged because of the king of Assyria and the vast army with him, for there is a greater power with us than with him. 1 Cor 16:13 Be on your guard; stand firm in the faith; be men of courage; be strong.
When we as parents are people of character, conscience and courage, we become people who are easy to honour. That is our responsibility in this commandment.
Now we want to ask: “What does it mean to honour a parent?”
Heidelberg Catechism Lord’s Day #39 p. 910
What is God’s will for you in the fifth commandment?
“That I honor, love and be loyal to my father and mother and all those in authority over me; that I obey and submit to them, as is proper, when they correct and punish me, and also that I be patient with their failings – for through them God chooses to rule us.
First of all, understand that to honour our parents is our religious duty.
Notice first of all that even though this command has a lot to do with our closest neighbour, it also has a lot to do with God. Some commentators (Jewish) actually regard this command as part of the first table of the law, that is having to do with God. The reason why: because of this very basic theme that all authority comes from God . For children, respect for parents is actually respect for God. In this confession, there is a universal rule: Respect for all authority because it comes from from God, whether it be parental, or legal, or spiritual or political . Respecting all those authorities is actually one of our religious expressions of respecting God, for it is through God given authorities that God rules over us. This priniciple of scripture is stated in Romans 13, it tells us that all authoity is delegated from God for the blessing, protection and discipling or nuture of those under authority.
Romans 13:1 Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God. Consequently, he who rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves.
Respect then for parents, or anyone in authority is actually an expression of religion, an expression of faith in God. Therefore it may be regarded by us as at least the bridging command between issues that deal with God and issues that deal with our neighbour.
Important point here is to understand that the first and the most enduring practical application of honouring God through honoring others will be thorugh honouring our parents. It is in our relationships with our parents that we learn from day one to honour authority and respect those who rule over us. Respect for authority is learned at home. God expects us to be parents who not only make it easy for our children to respect us, God also wants us to expect respect from our children, for in doing that we are teaching them a very important aspect of their faith.
But what does it mean to honour our parents?
In previous cultures, it might have been fairly obvious what it means to honour parents because culture communicated that expectation. Today however, we live with a culture that is quick to highlight those who are not worthy of honour and quick to discourage any honor of authority. I need only mention one of the more popular cartoons that is available today, “The Simpsons.” I enjoy watching it myself, but at the same time I recognize that it is communicating the themes of our culture very well. You want to talk about a parent who is hardly worthy of honour, in almost every show Homor chooses not to follow through with his good intentions because there is a more immediate reward, like a donut. And in many of the shows, Homor is ready and willing to compromise his conscience in contrast to his daughter Lisa who has a very active conscience. When it comes to the courage of faith, frankly the Reverent in the show is a wimp and a laugh. Its no wonder that Bart is pictured as a young boy who has no respect for authority. Now that show is mild compared to Bevis and Butthead, along with a good number of other shows on TV. This is the theme of our culture, whether they watch the shows or not! Our children are growing up drinking these themes.
So what does it mean to honour parents?
The HC uses some words to describe it
Lev 19:33 “‘Each of you must respect his mother and father,”
Jews understood that a child was to provide an elder parent with food and shelter as long as they were alive. In today’s society where for the better part, investments or the government take care of food and housing, children do not have to provide to the same extent. But they are still called to give what the government and money can never give. Relationships, conversation, keeping in touch, looking out for their well fare. Loyalty today means to keep connected to your parents! Don’t choose not to have much to do with them. Contact them regularly.
“To submit” in our culture is a dirty word because we have lost a healthy understanding of the word. In scripture, it is only through submission to authority that we can receive the blessing, protection and nurture of those in authority over us.
Prov 1:8 Listen, my son, to your father’s instruction and do not forsake your mother’s teaching. 4:1 Listen, my sons, to a father’s instruction; pay attention and gain understanding. 23:22 Listen to your father, who gave you life, and do not despise your mother when she is old. (Listening is an expression of honour even if we do not intend to follow their advice.) One of the best ways we can honour someone is to listen to someone, even if we do not feel like it.
Again, Obedience to all forms of authority is an expression of our obedience to God. Romans it gives the one qualification. Is says “as is proper.” We must obey only in things that are true to the will of God. To refuse immoral acts is to honour parents by believing that they can be responsible and will be held accountable to a higher authority, namely God
Why Patience? Because parents aren’t perfect. Sometimes parents have ways of dealing with interpersonal dynamics that are very unhealthy. Often they fail us in more ways than one. To honour them is to be patient with these failings, by letting the less important ones go by the road side and by dealing with the more important and painful ones by the hard process of forgiveness. Keep in mind that the greatest honour you can give a person is to honour them for who they really are, something only made possible by forgiving, a theme that we will look at next time.
To love a parent is to honour them. Sometimes the dynamic of the parent child relationship is so difficult that for a child to have positive feelings about the parent is an enormous task. Scripture calls us to love our neighbour as ourselves. Our parents are neighbours too. Loving them takes the form of honour.
Col 3:20 Children, obey your parents in everything, for this pleases the Lord. Fathers, do not embitter your children, or they will become discouraged.
People of God, “Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you.” (NIV) This is the way God pours out his blessings upon us.
LIFE IN CHRIST
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
“YOU SHALL LOVE THE LORD YOUR GOD WITH ALL YOUR HEART, AND WITH ALL YOUR SOUL, AND WITH ALL YOUR MIND”
THE THIRD COMMANDMENT
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work.90
The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath; so the Son of Man is lord even of the sabbath.91
- THE SABBATH DAY
2168 The third commandment of the Decalogue recalls the holiness of the sabbath: “The seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the LORD.”92
2169 In speaking of the sabbath Scripture recalls creation: “For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and hallowed it.”93
2170 Scripture also reveals in the Lord’s day a memorial of Israel’s liberation from bondage in Egypt: “You shall remember that you were a servant in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out thence with mighty hand and outstretched arm; therefore the LORD your God commanded you to keep the sabbath day.”94
2171 God entrusted the sabbath to Israel to keep as a sign of the irrevocable covenant.95 The sabbath is for the Lord, holy and set apart for the praise of God, his work of creation, and his saving actions on behalf of Israel.
2172 God’s action is the model for human action. If God “rested and was refreshed” on the seventh day, man too ought to “rest” and should let others, especially the poor, “be refreshed.”96 The sabbath brings everyday work to a halt and provides a respite. It is a day of protest against the servitude of work and the worship of money.97
2173 The Gospel reports many incidents when Jesus was accused of violating the sabbath law. But Jesus never fails to respect the holiness of this day.98 He gives this law its authentic and authoritative interpretation: “The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath.”99 With compassion, Christ declares the sabbath for doing good rather than harm, for saving life rather than killing.100 The sabbath is the day of the Lord of mercies and a day to honor God.101 “The Son of Man is lord even of the sabbath.”102
- THE LORD’S DAY
This is the day which the LORD has made; let us rejoice and be glad in it.103
The day of the Resurrection: the new creation
2174 Jesus rose from the dead “on the first day of the week.”104 Because it is the “first day,” the day of Christ’s Resurrection recalls the first creation. Because it is the “eighth day” following the sabbath,105 it symbolizes the new creation ushered in by Christ’s Resurrection. For Christians it has become the first of all days, the first of all feasts, the Lord’s Day (he kuriake hemera, dies dominica) Sunday:
We all gather on the day of the sun, for it is the first day [after the Jewish sabbath, but also the first day] when God, separating matter from darkness, made the world; and on this same day Jesus Christ our Savior rose from the dead.106
Sunday- fulfillment of the sabbath
2175 Sunday is expressly distinguished from the sabbath which it follows chronologically every week; for Christians its ceremonial observance replaces that of the sabbath. In Christ’s Passover, Sunday fulfills the spiritual truth of the Jewish sabbath and announces man’s eternal rest in God. For worship under the Law prepared for the mystery of Christ, and what was done there prefigured some aspects of Christ:107
Those who lived according to the old order of things have come to a new hope, no longer keeping the sabbath, but the Lord’s Day, in which our life is blessed by him and by his death.108
2176 The celebration of Sunday observes the moral commandment inscribed by nature in the human heart to render to God an outward, visible, public, and regular worship “as a sign of his universal beneficence to all.”109 Sunday worship fulfills the moral command of the Old Covenant, taking up its rhythm and spirit in the weekly celebration of the Creator and Redeemer of his people.
The Sunday Eucharist
2177 The Sunday celebration of the Lord’s Day and his Eucharist is at the heart of the Church’s life. “Sunday is the day on which the paschal mystery is celebrated in light of the apostolic tradition and is to be observed as the foremost holy day of obligation in the universal Church.”110
“Also to be observed are the day of the Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the Epiphany, the Ascension of Christ, the feast of the Body and Blood of Christi, the feast of Mary the Mother of God, her Immaculate Conception, her Assumption, the feast of Saint Joseph, the feast of the Apostles Saints Peter and Paul, and the feast of All Saints.”111
2178 This practice of the Christian assembly dates from the beginnings of the apostolic age.112 The Letter to the Hebrews reminds the faithful “not to neglect to meet together, as is the habit of some, but to encourage one another.”113
Tradition preserves the memory of an ever-timely exhortation: Come to Church early, approach the Lord, and confess your sins, repent in prayer. . . . Be present at the sacred and divine liturgy, conclude its prayer and do not leave before the dismissal. . . . We have often said: “This day is given to you for prayer and rest. This is the day that the Lord has made, let us rejoice and be glad in it.”114
2179 “A parish is a definite community of the Christian faithful established on a stable basis within a particular church; the pastoral care of the parish is entrusted to a pastor as its own shepherd under the authority of the diocesan bishop.”115 It is the place where all the faithful can be gathered together for the Sunday celebration of the Eucharist. The parish initiates the Christian people into the ordinary expression of the liturgical life: it gathers them together in this celebration; it teaches Christ’s saving doctrine; it practices the charity of the Lord in good works and brotherly love:
You cannot pray at home as at church, where there is a great multitude, where exclamations are cried out to God as from one great heart, and where there is something more: the union of minds, the accord of souls, the bond of charity, the prayers of the priests.116
The Sunday obligation
2180 The precept of the Church specifies the law of the Lord more precisely: “On Sundays and other holy days of obligation the faithful are bound to participate in the Mass.”117 “The precept of participating in the Mass is satisfied by assistance at a Mass which is celebrated anywhere in a Catholic rite either on the holy day or on the evening of the preceding day.”118
2181 The Sunday Eucharist is the foundation and confirmation of all Christian practice. For this reason the faithful are obliged to participate in the Eucharist on days of obligation, unless excused for a serious reason (for example, illness, the care of infants) or dispensed by their own pastor.119 Those who deliberately fail in this obligation commit a grave sin.
2182 Participation in the communal celebration of the Sunday Eucharist is a testimony of belonging and of being faithful to Christ and to his Church. The faithful give witness by this to their communion in faith and charity. Together they testify to God’s holiness and their hope of salvation. They strengthen one another under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
2183 “If because of lack of a sacred minister or for other grave cause participation in the celebration of the Eucharist is impossible, it is specially recommended that the faithful take part in the Liturgy of the Word if it is celebrated in the parish church or in another sacred place according to the prescriptions of the diocesan bishop, or engage in prayer for an appropriate amount of time personally or in a family or, as occasion offers, in groups of families.”120
A day of grace and rest from work
2184 Just as God “rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done,”121 human life has a rhythm of work and rest. The institution of the Lord’s Day helps everyone enjoy adequate rest and leisure to cultivate their familial, cultural, social, and religious lives.122
2185 On Sundays and other holy days of obligation, the faithful are to refrain from engaging in work or activities that hinder the worship owed to God, the joy proper to the Lord’s Day, the performance of the works of mercy, and the appropriate relaxation of mind and body.123 Family needs or important social service can legitimately excuse from the obligation of Sunday rest. The faithful should see to it that legitimate excuses do not lead to habits prejudicial to religion, family life, and health.
The charity of truth seeks holy leisure- the necessity of charity accepts just work.124
2186 Those Christians who have leisure should be mindful of their brethren who have the same needs and the same rights, yet cannot rest from work because of poverty and misery. Sunday is traditionally consecrated by Christian piety to good works and humble service of the sick, the infirm, and the elderly. Christians will also sanctify Sunday by devoting time and care to their families and relatives, often difficult to do on other days of the week. Sunday is a time for reflection, silence, cultivation of the mind, and meditation which furthers the growth of the Christian interior life.
2187 Sanctifying Sundays and holy days requires a common effort. Every Christian should avoid making unnecessary demands on others that would hinder them from observing the Lord’s Day. Traditional activities (sport, restaurants, etc.), and social necessities (public services, etc.), require some people to work on Sundays, but everyone should still take care to set aside sufficient time for leisure. With temperance and charity the faithful will see to it that they avoid the excesses and violence sometimes associated with popular leisure activities. In spite of economic constraints, public authorities should ensure citizens a time intended for rest and divine worship. Employers have a similar obligation toward their employees.
2188 In respecting religious liberty and the common good of all, Christians should seek recognition of Sundays and the Church’s holy days as legal holidays. They have to give everyone a public example of prayer, respect, and joy and defend their traditions as a precious contribution to the spiritual life of society. If a country’s legislation or other reasons require work on Sunday, the day should nevertheless be lived as the day of our deliverance which lets us share in this “festal gathering,” this “assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven.”125
2189 “Observe the sabbath day, to keep it holy” (Deut 5:12). “The seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the Lord” (Ex 31:15).
2190 The sabbath, which represented the completion of the first creation, has been replaced by Sunday which recalls the new creation inaugurated by the Resurrection of Christ.
2191 The Church celebrates the day of Christ’s Resurrection on the “eighth day,” Sunday, which is rightly called the Lord’s Day (cf. SC 106).
2192 “Sunday . . . is to be observed as the foremost holy day of obligation in the universal Church” (CIC, can. 1246 # 1). “On Sundays and other holy days of obligation the faithful are bound to participate in the Mass” (CIC, can. 1247).
2193 “On Sundays and other holy days of obligation the faithful are bound . . . to abstain from those labors and business concerns which impede the worship to be rendered to God, the joy which is proper to the Lord’s Day, or the proper relaxation of mind and body” (CIC, can. 1247).
2194 The institution of Sunday helps all “to be allowed sufficient rest and leisure to cultivate their amilial, cultural, social, and religious lives” (GS 67 # 3).
2195 Every Christian should avoid making unnecessary demands on others that would hinder them from observing the Lord’s Day.
90 Ex 20:8-10; cf. Deut 5:12-15.
91 Mk 2:27-28.
92 Ex 31:15.
93 Ex 20:11.
94 Deut 5:15.
95 Cf. Ex 31:16.
96 Ex 31:17; cf. 23:12.
97 Cf. Neh 13:15-22; 2 Chr 36:21.
98 Cf. Mk 1:21; Jn 9:16.
99 Mk 2:27.
100 Cf. Mk 3:4.
101 Cf. Mt 12:5; Jn 7:23.
102 Mk 2:28.
103 Ps 118:24.
104 Cf. Mt 28:1; Mk 16:2; Lk 24:1; Jn 20:1.
105 Cf. Mk 16:1; Mt 28:1.
106 St. Justin, I Apol. 67: PG 6, 429 and 432.
107 Cf. 1 Cor 10:11.
108 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Magn. 9, 1: SCh 10, 88.
109 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II 122, 4.
110 CIC, can. 1246 # 1.
111 CIC, can. 1246 # 2: “The conference of bishops can abolish certain holy days of obligation or transfer them to a Sunday with prior approval of the Apostolic See.”
112 Cf. Acts 2:42-46; 1 Cor 11:17.
113 Heb 10:25.
114 Sermo de die dominica 2 et 6: PG 86/1, 416C and 421C.
115 CIC, can. 515 # 1.
116 St. John Chrysostom, De incomprehensibili 3, 6: PG 48, 725.
117 CIC, can. 1247.
118 CIC, can. 1248 # 1.
119 Cf. CIC, can. 1245.
120 CIC, can. 1248 # 2.
121 Gen 2:2.
122 Cf. GS 67 # 3.
123 Cf. CIC, can. 120.
124 St. Augustine, De civ. Dei 19, 19: PL 41, 647.
125 Heb 12:22-23.
Doing Good on the Sabbath Day
By Julie Wardell
Call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord (Isaiah 58:13).
- After Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ created the heavens and earth in six days, They rested on the seventh day.
- They blessed the seventh day to be a holy day. It is a day to rest from our daily work and think about Them. We can show how much we love Them by doing good things on the Sabbath day.
- Attending church and taking the sacrament show Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ that we love Them and want to follow Their teachings. How we dress, behave, and listen to our teachers is important too.
- At home we should keep the Sabbath day holy. It is a day to be with our families.
- We can listen to good music, play quiet games, or go for a walk with our family. Reading the scriptures, scripture stories, or the Friend is nice too.
- The Sabbath is a good day to serve others. We might draw pictures or write letters to relatives, loved ones, missionaries, or people serving in the military.
- Visiting the sick, the aged, and our loved ones is another way we can serve.
- Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ have promised that if we keep the Sabbath day holy, we will be happier and receive many blessings in our lives.
[illustrations] Illustrations by Craig Stapley
Sabbath 22: Doing Good Badly
Sabbath 22: Megan’s post, Tripp’s post
This week’s chapter begins a new section, one entitled Wisdom. I’ll start off by saying that, once again, I have problems with this week’s chapter, and I’m not sure how the exercise and the chapter connect. However, I’m learning to trust Muller to a certain extent, in that his ideas in sequence work like the moves in a sermon, getting you to a point, and not always standing alone. Let me try to summarize this chapter:
Muller begins by telling a story of how he, in what he seems to describe as a fit of 70’s-induced wide-eyed idealism, championed the idea of getting juvenile criminals and psychiatric patients set free to return to their homes. The idea was, he says, to fully engage the community in the raising of our children…they would be “free to be cared for by their families, back home where they belonged.”
You know the end of the story, of course:
“eager to be useful, we just let them go. Now the nation is awash in lost children, some violent, many in pain. And now they are not first-time offenders, they are multiple felons. We, for our part, now rush to blame them for threatening the safety of our society, and we cannot build prisons fast enough to hold them.”
He then goes on to other stories of not thinking through the possible implications of our attempts to be helpful–attempts that tried to help children in Africa that instead helped the warlords who enslaved them, or attempts at improving the food production of a region that seriously imbalanced a fragile equilibrium in the ecosystem.
His next move, given that we’re on a Sabbath groove, is to say that if we/they had only taken some Sabbath time to think about the implications of their ideas, they would have done better. This is oversimplifying at best–we can’t always see the results of what we intend ahead of time, even with the best planning.
He then moves on to say that the kind of love that raises healthy children requires time. Quantity time and quality time. The kind of time you have if you practice Sabbath.
This, I think, is his conclusion: “Doing good requires more than simply knowing what is wrong. Like God in the creation story, we need Sabbath time to step back, pause, and be quiet enough to recognize what is good.”
* * * * *
Here’s my fundamental problem with the chapter: I’m honestly sorry that Wayne feels guilty for the unforeseen consequences, and that his hindsight shows him a clearer picture. But I can’t agree with him that if he would have just slowed down to think some more, he (and the State of California) would have made the right choice, children in Africa would not have starved… the logical conclusion to his exercise is to not do good at all, or else to do so in such a careful manner as makes no difference.
I do agree that there is wisdom in slow deliberation, and in taking the time to try our best to see ahead and consider the consequences.
I’m also going to re-frame his exercise, because I think he’s aiming for intercessory prayer and trying to describe it in different words. I’ll paraphrase: Think of a problem you struggle with. Now, imagine that problem as a seed, growing toward resolution in some invisible soil. Imagine, just as a seed knows how to grow, this problem may already know how to be resolved. How does this change your feeling about the problem?
Okay, that’s interesting. But the focus of his exercise, I think, is in the wrong direction.
And here I’m going to say something that all of you might not agree with. I think that God answers intercessory prayer. There are some people who say that God will not act just because we ask. (another way of saying that is that I can’t control God.) There are people who say that their prayers are “answered” so infrequently that they’ve decided God’s not listening or that God’s not there to listen, and the times they did seem to hear an answer were just coincidence.
Muller’s suggestion seems to be: the problem knows how to solve itself. Leave it alone and let it time to grow. If you imagine that the problem can solve itself, (or, if I’m feeling snarky, pretend that the problem can solve itself), do you feel better?
Let me use one example of the things that I’m praying about right now: I’m planning a session of camp for the summer. Camp doesn’t inherently know how to plan itself. Now, if I sit still and visualize a wonderful camp session, I feel better, at least while I’m visualizing (or daydreaming). That’s internally focused–my feelings are happier. But if I ask God to (to use Muller’s metaphor) grow the hearts of my campers, and prepare them to experience the transforming love of Christ Jesus, then that’s externally focused. The first way says “let it be,” and accepts that whatever happens will happen. The second, while still recognizing that the problem is bigger than my ability to control it, turns it over to God and asks for help.
Posted by Cristopher at 7:39 AM
Pat Greene said…
This is tangential, but…
Just an observation about Muller’s examples: hindsight works in two ways. It gives us the feelings of “We should have done this instead” and also minimizes the past bad conditions in the light of present bad conditions. The children of Israel, afraid and starving in the desert, demand to know why Moses led them out of Egypt, and forget what life un Pharaoh was like. I can’t speak to the juvenile delinquent problem, but there were very real reasons people fought to get the mentally ill released from institutions — in the early seventies many mental institutions were grim places where the mentally ill were warehoused and not treated effectively. The problem was not with getting people released, it was in the failure of society to provide the necessary outpatient support in the ensuing period. (But that’s another soapbox.)
I think one of the reasons many people, including myself, have or have had trouble believing that God answers intercessory prayer is that sometimes God says “no.” It’s easier to think, “God doesn’t hear” or “God doesn’t answer” than it is to think “God is saying no to this.”
Having just stumbled upon this text (I’ve a link to this blog due to rlp :)) I’m not quite sure who Muller is, but that’s perhaps not a problem.
What I wanted to comment on was that intercessory prayers at churches can sometimes be annoyingly one sided and very, very general. Due to that it’s also pretty impossible to see weather God is answering or not. If you ask for peace for the world you are certainly praying for something important but how do you see God’s answer?
This is not to say that I don’t believe that God answers. In fact I absolutely know so. The point is that if you ask for something you should also be ready to listen to the answer even when God is saying that “no” that we really don’t want to hear.
And coming back to the peace prayer, I believe His answer is the work He does in my heart leading me to treat others with a mindset that reflects peace and forgiveness.
A t the risk of sounding redundant, we feel compelled to once again remind those reading this series of articles that throughout his letter Mr. George repeatedly stated that he relied solely on scriptural evidence, not human reasoning, when presenting his case. However, thus far he hasn’t come close to doing so. At every turn he contorts the scriptures to say what they don’t or he will claim that although they don’t say something they should have said it. Mr. George repeatedly presents examples of Jesus doing or saying one thing and then claiming it is in principle, something else altogether. We have to hand it to him; at least he’s consistent.
This time Mr. George takes Jesus’ teaching about doing good on the Sabbath and uses it to “prove” that going to a restaurant applies here because anything done to “enhance” the Sabbath must be acceptable with God. And according to Mr. George, dining out on the seventh day definitely enhances his Sabbath worship.
We normally view Matthew 12:10 as the principle “it’s ok to do good on the Sabbath.” That’s fine. But is there not more than one principle conveyed by this passage, too? I’d like to point out Christ could have waited. Surely the man’s hand hadn’t withered the same day. Nor was the withered hand life threatening. (Probably to make His point, He had to do that particular healing on the Sabbath.) But, in not waiting, he provides a variant of the above principle: You may, and you should, do a thing of which other Sabbath-keepers with a too-negative view do not approve, if it actually furthers the cause of righteousness and Sabbath observance. This is exactly what those who believe dining in restaurants enhances the keeping of holy Sabbath are doing.
Let’s see if we understand the point here. According to Mr. George, going into the world and seeking out a place where the Sabbath has to be profaned in order for him to buy its products, “furthers the cause of righteousness and Sabbath observance.” Is that it? And because by healing on the Sabbath, Jesus made that day better, Mr. George believes he may now purchase the services of unbelievers because it makes his Sabbath better. Therefore, according to the last sentence of his quote, Mr. George believes he is doing “EXACTLY” what Jesus did. Human reasoning? We think so.
It sure would be easier if Mr. George would simply provide an example of Jesus, or any other man of God, buying their food on the Sabbath. Unfortunately, no man of God ever did such a thing, which leaves him to compose his own Biblical proof. Human reasoning? We think so.
In truth, everything about what Jesus did in this miracle was in total keeping with God’s Sabbath. In a very real sense the Messiah was proclaiming the same Kingdom the Sabbath pictures.
The Great prophet Isaiah described that kingdom as one filled with miraculous healing (Isa. 35:). Jesus also spoke of great miracles when He identified Himself as the Messiah who would deliver His people. Here is what He told the disciples of John the Baptist when John sent them to ask if He was the Christ or should they seek another.
Jesus answered and said unto them, Go and show John again those things which ye do hear and see: The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them. (Mt. 11:4-5)
Dear Mr. George,
While Jesus healing on the Sabbath proclaims a great message of hope revealed in His Kingdom, going to a restaurant does not. Everything about your Sabbath dining is an insult to both that Kingdom and its King. What takes place in your restaurant is a perfect example of bondage and is a reflection of spiritual Egypt. It is a manifestation of everything that is wrong in this world. The real tragedy here is that those who profane God’s Sabbath by laboring on this day don’t know any better. You, on the other hand, have no excuse.
Blow the Trumpet
Getting Good By Doing Good [csreurope.org]
The author tries to show and prove that values, principles, beliefs and visions drive and make a successful business rather than plain techniques and methods. His belief is that human beings seek to move beyond the superficial excitement of a ‘knowledge’ economy towards the maturity of the world of wisdom. “Raising standards is taking on new meaning, beyond just raising standards of products to raising standards of living and thinking. Training people is not just about techniques and processes but about training minds to think correctly and rationally. Quality, too, means not just product-quality but quality of life”, – he writes. A presentation of a British management consultant Ram Gidoomal on spiritual matters and principles in our life is cited throughout the article. Ram acknowledges that attention is shifting from material world to spiritual and metaphysical world. Furthermore, today the mind is being looked at by scientists and the world of the non-material, which some call the soul, is being taken seriously as an observable thing rather than a meaningless concept. Returning to business, he continues: “The spiritual element is interwoven into many business debates. The ongoing discussion about ethical and moral business, for example, is discovering that a profitable business has moral and ethical responsibilities to people besides those who buy goods and services from it – a factory, for example, has environmental obligations to its surroundings.” “So continue on your own journey of spiritual discovery. It is not a separate world or an alternative option to success in business: in fact it lies at the heart of truly successful business in a world of change,” is the conclusion. Despite the turmoil, injustice and poverty, a great number of people believe that good will eventually triumph over evil. I happen to be one of them. Though the path to this ultimate victory is proving to be rough, the wins are outnumbering the losses. The media of course does not chart these victories. By its very definition, good news is not front-page material. Because it is always the evil that grabs the headlines, the ceaseless reports of crime, mayhem, riots, wars and conflicts give the highly misleading impression that evil is triumphing over good. Perhaps the first soul-searching column of the 21st century is a good time to strike an optimistic note and examine one of the more positive trends dominating this trend towards a religious renaissance, which I believe will be one of the great phenomena of the 21st century, as human beings seek to move beyond the superficial excitement of a ‘knowledge’ economy towards the maturity of the world of wisdom. Today’s world of business is dominated by that buzzword ‘globalisation’. It is here that this religious renaissance is manifesting itself. High-powered business gurus and consultants are both waking up to it and indeed asserting it. At a recent hospitality industry conference, the Indian-born British management consultant Ram Gidoomal had this to say:”Leadership _ aspiration _ vision _ inspiration _ such terminology is more and more to be found in discussions of business today. It’s striking how many books on marketing and salesmanship, to take just one example, include discussion of what one might call the ‘spiritual’ element of the subject. There was a time when doing business was a matter of techniques and methods: today, what one believes forms a part of the equation,” Consultants like Mr Gidoomal are realising that references to core values, service, etc are nothing more than what religions tried to teach us and which humans have constantly spurned. Businesses that talk about service culture are rising beyond service to the customer and focussing on service to humanity and to whatever greater force they believe in. Raising standards is taking on new meaning, beyond just raising standards of products to raising standards of living and thinking. Training people is not just about techniques and processes but about training minds to think correctly and rationally. Quality, too, means not just product-quality but quality of life. In the hospitality industry, a major beneficiary of soaring stress factors, there is a growing trend towards spa development. Ads touting spas talk of rejuvenating the body, mind AND spirit, on the grounds that no matter how much either the body or the mind are given a rest, it will have limited value without revitalising the spirit. Isn’t it amazing that people pay big money to be ‘revived, rejuvenated and revitalised’ in a spa when religions dating back thousands of years tried to explain all this for free?Spas are merely places of temporary escape. The stress drops for a while but goes straight back up upon returning to the paperwork and politics at the office. As societies, communities and economies become imbalanced, recall the original reminder contained in many a religious book about the avoidance of excesses. Both thrilling and encouraging is that business management consultants who drive the process of change in the world are realising that those ancient teachings contain solutions to all problems, if followed sensibly and carefully. Increasingly, these consultants are no longer embarrassed to say so. Mr Gidoomal dwelt on this right at the end of his presentation, almost as if he were unsure whether he should be mentioning it at all in front of a group of high-powered chief executives, many of whom tend to think they know it all. Finally, he decided to go for it thus:”I want to close these remarks by touching on a dimension of change that is increasingly being discussed by many writers on the topics we have been discussing. It isn’t strictly speaking part of my brief _ and yet, really, it is. “Think of television advertising, for example, which so often is not pushing the USP of the product or demonstrating its technical superiority to its competitors _ but is actually investing it with spiritual values: so a car is about loyalty and trust, fizzy drinks are about the joy of youth and the fellowship of humanity, and restaurant chains about values of personal contentment, genuine craftsmanship in an age of kitsch, and fragrant bread rolls like your mother used to make. “Much more attention is paid to the spiritual, metaphysical or what-have-you these days than when I studied physics twenty-five or thirty years ago. We were taught then that matter is concrete and reality was made up just so. But today the mind, too, is being looked at by scientists and the world of the non-material, which some call the soul, is being taken seriously as an observable thing rather than a meaningless concept. Seeing clearly, as Ruskin reminds us, involves much more than the objective and material. It is poetry, prophecy, religion; and business is recognising this too. “It’s born out in everyday life and perhaps particularly so in the hotel and restaurant business where so many of you are obliged to stay open on Sunday, which in the West of course is the traditional Christian day of rest. Many of you, I know, have discovered that good practice does not necessarily mean closing all hotels and restaurants on Sundays, but it does mean allowing adequate time in the working week for that spiritual rest and recuperation that the mind as well as the body needs. “In the UK, we have learned some hard lessons in the Sunday Trading debate, one of which is that the old biblical concept of the Sabbath is rooted in real, physical, bodily and mental needs. The old proverb, ‘Man cannot live on bread alone’, has been proved true many times. “The spiritual element is interwoven into many business debates. The ongoing discussion about ethical and moral business, for example, is discovering that a profitable business has moral and ethical responsibilities to people besides those who buy goods and services from it _ a factory, for example, has environmental obligations to its surroundings. “So, consider, after the IQ and the EQ, the importance of the SQ factor _ the Spiritual Quotient. S can refer to whatever you like in this area Sabbath, soul, psyche (!), sport and recreation, stress-relief and more. It can stand for sixth sense. “Whatever it is, it belongs to the world of the spiritual and rather than the physical and the commercial. Behind all these things is a notion of truth, and perhaps the best way of managing change is to keep in mind whatever truth-values we personally find important. I speak as one who has been blessed by success in business, but in my own career there came a time, visiting the slums of India, when I saw for myself that some things are so precious it is worth making them priorities. “So continue on your own journey of spiritual discovery. It is not a separate world or an alternative option to success in business: in fact it lies at the heart of truly successful business in a world of change,” Imtiaz Muqbil Copyright © Asia Intelligence Wire
Reflection for Friday October 31, Thirtieth Week in Ordinary Time; Luke 14:1-6, Reflection: What is the purpose of the Sabbath law? It’s to bring honor to God by resting and doing nothing for the world on that day. What if there’s somebody who is need of help on that same day? Should they (Jews) ignore the person for the reason that it was a day of rest?
In our gospel Jesus asked this question to the scholars of the law and the Pharisees: “Is it lawful to cure on the Sabbath or not (Luke 14:3)?” Not hearing any reply from them Jesus simply healed the man sick with dropsy. By doing so Jesus sent a clear message to the scholars of the law and the Pharisees that to bring healing or help to someone is more noble than the observance of the law. In other words the immediate need of somebody takes precedence over the observance of the Sabbath law.
How could we relate this with our own exercise of our faith life? In like manner say for example, if we have an obligation to our faith such our scheduled prayer meeting. Scheduled time for our prayers or our presence at Sunday Mass which is a day of obligation for us Catholics.
All of these exercise of worship for God must take a backseat over our acts of mercy. For example if we are in the process of fulfilling our obligation to our faith. And it so happen that there is a person who is in need of our immediate help. Our exercise of mercy must take precedence over our obligation to our faith.
Why is Pope Francis so admired, revered and respected? Is this because he is always shown presiding at Holy Mass or shown praying the Holy Rosary? No, it’s because of the Pope’s spontaneous acts of mercy and humility. Such as his non judgmental words, his action of embracing a badly disfigured man and countless more acts of compassion. – Marino J. Dasmarinas
Thursday, October 29, 2015
Reflection for October 30, Friday of the Thirtieth Week in Ordinary Time: Luke 14:1-6
Reflection: To cure or not to cure on a Sabbath day? Sabbath day is supposed to be a day of rest and worship. But here is Jesus not following the rules of their Jewish religion. Did Jesus deliberately disregard His Jewish faith? Or there is something more important for Jesus than mere observance of His Jewish faith?
Jesus doesn’t choose a special place, occasion or time to help and to heal as what is shown in the gospel. As long as Jesus’ sees a need He would do something about it regardless if it’s a Sabbath day or not.
The Pharisees and the scholars of the law were those who faithfully observe the Sabbath law. However, Jesus by His action simply told them that there’s an exception; that the law of the Sabbath can be violated also. For as long as there is a valid reason to violate it. Therefore the observance of the Sabbath day should be superseded by the more important need. In this instance the need to heal the man sick with dropsy.
What would you do for instance if you were in the situation of Jesus? Would you simply let the man suffer from his severe sickness even if you can actually do something to help him?
Our faith in God is made more real, alive and dynamic when we are able to live it. When we are able to translate it to living acts of love and kindness. – Marino J. Dasmarinas
Thursday, October 29, 2015
FRIDAY OF THE 30TH WEEK IN ORDINARY TIME (YEAR B) – LUKAS 14:1-6. UNSA MAY NAKADAOTAN SA PAGPAMANTAY? Ang “pagpamantay” mao ang buhat sa mga usisero/usisera, tsismoso/tsismosa ug libakero/libakera. Abtik silang makakita sa sayop sa uban ug dali ra nga maghukom. Mao kini ang gipakitang kinaiya sa mga Pariseo ug mga magtutudlo sa Balaod. Ilang gipanid-an pag-ayo si Kristo aron aduna silay ikasaway kaniya. Dili maayo kining maong batasan tungod kay matod pa sa panultihon, “Those who spend their time looking for the faults in others would have no time to correct their own.” Dili pagpamantay ang atong sundon kondili ang pagbantay. Ang “pagbantay” mao ang buhat sa mga tawong adunay pagbati ug gugma. Makakita sila sa kalisod sa isigkatawo. Sama kang Kristo, humok silang malooy ug abtik nga motabang sa mga kabos ug nanginahanglan. Posted by Abet Uy
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