Wednesday of the 9th Week of the Year

Mark 12:18-27

The Question about the Resurrection


A group of us seminarians in flowing white sotanas was waiting for a bus bound for Manila when a pick up full of teenagers passed by. Seeing us they chorused: “Mga sawi! Mga sawi!Sawi is the Tagalog word for “People jilted and abandoned by lovers” or “failures when it comes to love.”

Many still ask why priests and religious like nuns do not marry. Some believe, like in TV and comic stories, that people of the cloth are really “sawi” in life.

The traditional reasons why these people do not marry are the following: Jesus Himself did not marry; God’s kingdom demands urgency and oneness of purpose, marrying could become an obstacle to that

The gospel today presents another reason for celibacy: “When they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage…” Celibates are a sign of the resurrection; they are a sign that our destiny is not death, but new life. Priests and religious therefore are a reminder of the future for us who oftentimes are so immersed in present preoccupation.

Would that all of us, celibates or not, by our attitude and deeds be a shining reminder that the God we believe in “is not God of the dead but of the living…” After all, we are all children of the Resurrection. (Fr. A Corcuera, Jr. SVD Bible Diary 2002)


A dying king who married three wives approached his third wife and asked her to be with him in death. Pampered with everything to make her look perpetually youthful, she refused and ran away. He then approached his second wife for the same request. The king always brought her with him anywhere he went if only to tell the world the glory and the grandeur that she was to him. She frankly told him: “When you die, I will remarry.” The first wife overheard the conversation and told the king: “I will go with you.”

The story actually tells us that each one of us may have “three wives:” our bodies that we pamper and keep young and strong, our material possessions we brag about but someone else owns when we die and the One who really loves us even unto and beyond death.

I am not all insinuating the possibility of polygamy no matter how alluring it may to some. I am simply pointing out a fact of life. Jesus wanted to tell the Sadducees that ownership of a woman in marriage or anything for that matter stops when we die. He said: “When they rise from the dead men and women do not marry,” (Mk 12:25). We are freed from the material attachments we lean on in our earthly life when we die. At the Resurrection, we shall realize that there is actually only One who cares about us: the living God whom neither death could scare away.

In death we are hard as rock, cold as frozen ice, alone in the dark as our eyes see no more light. In short, in death we appear unloved! No wonder nobody wants to die. People who feel so unloved feel so alone, cold and hard, unable to love and only filled with either fear of loving or hardened by hatred. Being unloved then equates with being dead. Yet Christ went so far as that so we no longer are alone in death as Someone who loves us also died. With His rising from the dead, He wanted to let us know He is calling us unto eternal life. (Fr. Bernard Collera, SVD Bible Diary 2004)


In an express train from Berlin to Munich, I happened to meet a man who boasted he never believed in the resurrection. I asked him: “Where would you want to go after death?” “Well,” he answered, “the cemetery will be my eternal home!” “You want your wife to be there with you?” I asked. He replied: “No, I love her so much. I want her to enjoy the comforts of life in heaven!” “There you are! The man wasn’t a bit honest! Human selfishness, pride and stupidity is the genius has its limits!”

Jesus in today’s gospel made all efforts to persuade the Sadducees to be honest. But they seemed to be more entrenched in their hatred for Him.

As exaggerated case, of course, was brought to Jesus. Quoting the law on levirate marriage, they presented a case of a woman being married to seven brothers, who eventually died one after the other. “Whose wife will she be in the resurrection?” they just wanted to trap Jesus by making the question of the resurrection ridiculous.

Jesus gave a simple answer: in heaven there’s no more husband and wife relationship. All are brothers and sisters. The risen will be all like angels with one intent: to see God face to face! In the life to come, we will never need to worry or shed a tear again, for our joy will made complete.

Perhaps we are sometimes like the man in the train. We want to trap Jesus by asking Him silly questions. And we want to ask Him many things for our own good, not for His greater honor and glory nor for His church. Like the devil, we tempt Him to grant us things against His will, instead of convincing ourselves to follow His divine will and stay on His side. (Fr. Gene Bacareza, SVD Bible Diary 2005)


A young artist was a genius at finding fault with others. He could immediately detect weakness in people. One night he had a dream. He saw himself in a barren road, struggling beneath a heavy burden. He cried out in pain as he tried to support it. He complained out loud. “What is this weight that I must carry? And why must I carry it?” From nowhere he seemed to hear: “It is the weight of the faults which you have found in others. Why do you complain? You were the one who discovered them, so shouldn’t they belong to you now?”

The Sadducees were a priestly and aristocratic class among the Jews. Together with the Pharisees they held much control of the Jewish society. Both were all-out to protect at all costs their power, prestige and financial security. The Sadducees, unlike the Pharisees, were more religiously conservative. They rejected religious traditions and accepted only the written commandments. They did not believe in angels, in immortality and in life after death. Obviously Jesus’ teaching about the resurrection was a clear and serious threat to their power and financial gains. But, clearly, their questioning of Jesus was ill-conceived.

There are instances when, like the Sadducees, we too love to trap people with ill-conceived questions, aimed to embarrass them! Isn’t it that we Christians also suffer from some pre-conceived biases that lead to fault-finding? It is said that “a man winnows his neighbor’s faults like chaff, but hides his own even as a dishonest gambler hides a losing throw,” (Dhammapala). May the power of the Word free us from these attitudes and spare us of the heavy weight carried by that young artist in the story. (Fr. Manny de Leon, SVD Bible Diary 2007)


The Sadducees had a distorted idea of what was meant by resurrection which they did not accept anyway. They seemed to think that for Jesus resurrection was a simple continuation of earthly life even to the point of the resurrected person still keeping the same wife or husband!

The Sadducees accepted only the first five books, the basic books of the Jewish bible. In the Bible the idea of resurrection appears only in the later books of the Old Testament. Like Protestants who do not accept some later books of the Testament which mention prayer for the dead, the Sadducees therefore did not agree with the idea of people rising again to life after they have died. With their example from Exodus, the second of the first five books, they now tried to make Jesus appear silly for believing in the resurrection. Their trap, however, served as an occasion for Jesus to teach about the nature of resurrected life (it is very different from earthly life) and to show that resurrection is implied at least in what the book of Exodus says about God as the God of the living.

Previous to Jesus’ resurrection we have already seen Him in bringing to life certain people such as Lazarus. However, Lazarus, like the others, simply returned to his previous lifestyle and later died again. True resurrection, as envisaged by Jesus, comes from God the Father, as did Jesus’ resurrection. At our resurrection we will be completely transformed and eternal life will be makalangit rather than makatao.

A dying child once asked her doctor, “Will there be ice candy in heaven?” this is to be expected in a child who is growing and trying to internalize abstract ideas and as adults we could at first encourage this. The doctor answered, “Yes, of course, if that’s what you want.” But don’t let us make God or heaven or the resurrection, in our own image and likeness. (Fr. Alan Meechan, SVD Bible Diary 2008)


In the film, The Heart is a Lonely Hunter, there’s a startling sequence wherein a deaf man, named Mr. Singer, asks a young girl what music sounds like.

The smiling teenager stands in front of him so that he can read her lips. She also gestures with her hands and her body. But nothing works. The young girl tries everything she could to convey what music is to the deaf man, but all to no avail. Finally, she and Mr. Singer laugh and give up.

In a way, Jesus ran into a similar problem when he tried to teach people about heaven. It was something many could not comprehend much less understand. For example, in today’s reading, the Sadducees imagine heaven to be a kind of a “glorified” version of earth.

But heaven is not a “glorified” version of earth. It is infinitely different kind of reality. St. Paul could only say so much about heaven: “What no one ever saw or heard, what no one ever thought could happen, id the very thing God has prepared for those who love Him,” – 1Cor 2:9. (Fr. Fred Mislang, SVD Bible Diary 2009)


June 1, 2016 Wednesday

n the Book of Tobit, the young man,Tobiah, embarks on a journey together with angel Raphael and a dog to the house of Raguel in Ectabana who has a daughter named Sarah. This future bride has remained single because every time she is given in marriage, the night before the wedding, the bridegroom is attacked and killed by a demon called Asmodeus. The angel tells Tobiah not to worry; with a big fish’s liver and heart, the demon will be repelled.

The Sadducees could have referred to this story to strengthen their argument about the absurdity of the resurrection. If you are a widow with seven husbands all dead, who will be your real husband in the life to come? A reductio ad absurdum as it is called in Logic. Eternal life and the resurrection of the dead are of a different logic, the logic of faith or the knowledge of the power ofGod as Jesus said.

Will there be marriage in heaven? “Till death do us part”—say the bride and bridegroom. At times, they would say that even death will not separate them. Mamahalin hanggang sa buhay na walang hanggan. This is neither to say that celibacy is the rule in heaven and that priests, nuns, and religious today are already practicing it here on earth.

The Gospel reading is not a teaching on marriage even if it is the first day of June. It is about the resurrection. Jesus here teaches that his Father is the God of life and thus death will not have the final say on his Beloved Son. This text is one among many in Mark’s Gospel that prepares or orients us towards the Paschal Mystery. For the whole gospel is an extended introduction of the Passion, Death and Resurrection of Jesus. (Fr. Randolf Flores, SVD DWST, Tagaytay City Bible Diary 2016)


Yesterday the Pharisees and the Herodians tried to trap Jesus with their question about paying tax to the Romans. Today the Sadducees come up with a trick question of their own. They do not believe in resurrection from the dead, so they think they can defeat Jesus by making His teaching on resurrection look foolish. By opposing him, they only expose their own errors.

They pose a hypothetical case of a woman who marries seven brothers in succession. The issue in this case is not as obvious to us as in the case of paying taxes. We may not see any problem in it at all. But the Sadducees were basing their thinking on the Law of Moses, which required that this woman marry all seven men, and it was inconceivable that a woman could have seven husbands after the resurrection, they concluded that there must be no resurrection. They think they have Jesus trapped: he must either deny the validity of the Law of Moses, or admit that resurrection is a ridiculous theory. After all, “Whose wife will she be?”

Jesus answers them with a direct contradiction of their basic premises. He tells them, “You are badly misled.” They do not understand marriage or resurrection. About marriage: when people rise from the dead, they do not marry. About resurrection: God is the “God of the living, not of the dead. You are very much mistaken.”

Nowadays we are not so preoccupied with the question of marriage after the resurrection, but many other errors about marriage have become popular. Jesus’ charge against the Sadducees applies to us: we do not understand the Scriptures or the power of God. The Scriptures say that marriage is the union of one man and one woman in a bond that no one can break (cf Mt 19:4-6), but we have changed it into a temporary, emotional or sensual, relationship between any two people, even if they are of the same sex. We are badly misled!

We are not likely to hold the specific errors of the Sadducees but we can make the same mistake of holding one false belief and then using it as the basis for arguments that lead to further errors. When we have a prejudice or a personal agenda, it colors our view of reality. . for example, some people mistakenly believe that overpopulation is the cause of poverty. Then they reason that anything that controls growth in the number of the people is justified in order to fight the evil of poverty. They end up justifying contraception and even abortion, and they try to make anyone who opposes their position look foolish. They will even quote from the Bible to prove their point. Jesus’ reply would be: “You are badly misled, because you fail to understand the real causes of poverty or the dignity of the human person.”

When we proclaim the truth – whether about marriage, resurrection, or any other issue – we will face opposition from people in error, as Jesus did. All His followers face hardships as a result of faithfulness to the gospel. In today’s first reading, Paul writes to Timothy to encourage him to remain strong in his commitment to the Lord, and to bear his “share of the hardship which the gospel entails,” with “the strength that comes from God.”

Paul, who once caused hardship for the Christians by persecuting them, is now on the receiving end of persecution. He knows that the perseverance of Stephen to the point of death was what won him the grace of conversion. So he urges Timothy’s perseverance in the service of the gospel knowing that even his sufferings are effective in bringing others to faith in Jesus Christ. Being opposed does not mean we are defeated. God is at work,, even in times of persecution, so we must remain strong in our reliance on him. Paul reminds us: “The Spirit God has given us is no cowardly spirit, but rather one that makes us strong, loving and wise.”

The Sadducees were stuck in their error because they were convinced they were right, Paul knows from his days as a Pharisee the danger of such self-righteousness. The safeguard against it is to remain humbly aware of our weakness, while strongly committed to the truth. This gives us strength and confidence without making us proud. We are not better than anyone else simply because “God has saved us and has called us to a holy life.” It is “not because of any merit of ours but according to his own design.” We proclaim, not ourselves but Jesus Christ. We put our trust, not in ourselves but in him, and in the Spirit he has given us. Paul gives the “secret” of his confidence in proclaiming the gospel: “I am not ashamed, for I know him in whom I have believed.” When we know him in whom we believe, we can be sure he will accomplish the good work he has begun in us (cf. Phil 1:6).

When have I been “badly misled’? How did the Lord bring me back to the truth? Am I confused or in doubt about the Lord’s plan for marriage, as taught by the Church? Do I “stir into flame” the gift of faith I have received? Do I have confidence in God? (Pondering the Word the Anawim Way May 27, 2012 to July 07, 2012 Cycle B Year 2 – June 6, 2012 pp. 69-71).


Love the Ones You’re With

June 3, 2015 (readings)

Saint Charles Lwanga and Companions, Martyrs

Father Edward McIlmail, LC

Mark 12:18-27

Some Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Jesus and put this question to him, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us, If someone’s brother dies, leaving a wife but no child, his brother must take the wife and raise up descendants for his brother. Now there were seven brothers. The first married a woman and died, leaving no descendants. So the second married her and died, leaving no descendants, and the third likewise. And the seven left no descendants. Last of all the woman also died. At the resurrection when they arise whose wife will she be? For all seven had been married to her.” Jesus said to them, “Are you not misled because you do not know the scriptures or the power of God? When they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but they are like the angels in heaven. As for the dead being raised, have you not read in the Book of Moses, in the passage about the bush, how God told him, I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? He is not God of the dead but of the living. You are greatly misled.”

Introductory Prayer: Lord, I come before you humbly. As one who has frequently fallen into sin, I am aware of my weakness. Your great love, though, assures me that your grace can keep me on the path to holiness.

Petition: Lord, let me imitate you better in my dealings with my loved ones.

  1. If We Only Understood the Power of God: We can be like the Sadducees. It’s not that we deny the resurrection of the dead. But we can live as if we don’t believe in the power of God. A rash of bad news can leave us on the verge of despair. We might ask: What’s the use? Evil seems to be winning on all sides. Families are breaking down. Pornography is rife. Materialism is rampant. Yet, the Almighty remains in charge. “Evil does not have the last word in the world,” said Pope-Emeritus Benedict XVI on Dec. 22, 2005. We Christians are called to be witnesses to hope and joy. Does our life radiate joy? If not, why not?
  2. Reading the Scriptures: The study of Scripture is, as it were, the “soul of sacred theology,” says Vatican II (see Dei Verbum, 24). Our Lord, in effect, tells the Sadducees: “Because you don’t know Scripture, you don’t know me. You don’t know what I’m about ― my message of mercy, my call to repentance, my invitation to seek out the lost sheep.” So many of Christ’s supposed followers spend their time criticizing the Church, the hierarchy, the parish and the school. They forget that Christ calls them to build up, not to tear down. If only they knew him better in Scripture. Where do I spend most of my energy day by day? Building up the Church and the community? Or nitpicking at the faults of its members?
  3. Like the Angels in Heaven: Marriage is beautiful. It is a sacrament ― and an icon, so to speak, of the inner life of the Trinity. But it can bring only a relative happiness, at best. Its more transcendent goal is to lead spouses to heaven. In this world, expecting too much of a spouse (or anyone, for that matter) courts disappointment. Humans have weaknesses. Yet, they have their greatness, too. Could not that spouse, that family member, that colleague, be saints despite their flaws? Do we see those around us as potential saints? Do we encourage them in their path?

Conversation with Christ: Lord, help me see the greatness in people, their good qualities and their potential to be apostles. Let me see, too, how I can help them along the path to holiness.

Resolution: Today I will compliment someone on a genuine virtue they possess.

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WEDNESDAY OF THE 9TH WEEK IN ORDINARY TIME (YEAR B) – MARCOS 12:18-27. ADUNA BAY PAGKABANHAW SA MGA PATAY? Bisan tuod ang mga Saduseo sakop sa relihiyosong pundok, sila walay pagtoo sa pagkabanhaw. Tungod kini kay ang pagkabanhaw wala hisgoti sa balaod ni Moises. Gawas niana, kasagaran sa mga Saduseo mga adunahan ug gamhanan sa katilingban ug wala silay dakong hinungdan nga mangandoy og laing kalibotan nga maghatag og kalipay. Apan dili kita angay’ng maghupot sa susamang hunahuna ug pagbati. Si Hesus nagtudlo nga ang atong Dios usa ka Dios sa mga buhi, ug dili sa mga patay. Siya usab nag-ingon: “Ako ang pagkabanhaw ug ang kinabuhi; ang motuo kanako bisan patay na siya, mabuhi” (Juan 11:25). Nindot ang gisulti ni Martin Luther: “Our Lord has written the promise of resurrection, not in books alone, but in every leaf in springtime.”Posted by Abet Uy


One Bread, One Body – Reflection for June 3, 2015


“At that very time, the prayer of these two suppliants was heard in the glorious presence of Almighty God.” –Tobit 3:16

God heard the prayers of Tobit and Sarah instantly. He also answered their prayers quickly, sending the angel Raphael to work out the glorious answer to their prayers, an answer that far exceeded anything Tobit and Sarah could ask for or imagine (Eph 3:20). Yet it took some time for the answer to those prayers to unfold. As the answers to the prayers unfolded, God used the time interval to begin the healing process.

The unfolding process was as important as the actual answer to the prayer. Day by day Tobit and Sarah had to persevere in their faith in God, despite not seeing any results from their petition. Yet “hope is not hope if its object is seen” (Rm 8:24).

God has let us see many of His works, but there is so much activity in the spiritual world that we cannot see. Tobit and Sarah clung to those past mercies of God, trusting in His future mercies. “The favors of the Lord are not exhausted, His mercies are not spent; they are renewed each morning; so great is His faithfulness” (Lam 3:22-23). Persevere in hope. Pray: “Lord, I believe! Help my unbelief” (see Mk 9:24).

PRAYER: Father, I will trust in You at all times (Ps 62:9), especially when I am blind to Your action.

PROMISE: “He is the God of the living.” –Mk 12:27

PRAISE: Pope Paul VI declared that the canonizations of St. Charles and his companions “inaugurate a new age” and praised their “simplicity and unshakable fidelity.”


June 3, 2015

Wednesday of the 9th Week of Ordinary Time

Life after Death

Often we human beings have a tendency to make ourselves the norm and our intelligence the scale to evaluate everything else. Based on our concepts and understandings we pass judgments on others. The Sadducees who approached Jesus were no exception to this general rule. They held their preconceived ideas regarding life and death and they wanted to impose it on others too as the truth and the only truth. The Sadducees were revered religious leaders among the upper class Jews who took pride in their unbiased, clear, scientific thinking. Like some rationalists of our time they wanted to challenge and disprove the “blind religious beliefs” of their era through their astute logical thinking and clever reasoning. The Sadducees, unlike the Pharisees, did not believe in the existence of immortality – whether humans, angels, or evil spirits. Their religion was firmly founded on their experience. Heaven and hell for them were earthly experiences which ended in death. They approached Jesus with a test question that makes the resurrection look ridiculous.

In response to their argument against resurrection and the life hereafter Jesus turns their attention to certain truths they too believed in – the eternity of God. Jesus shows that God is a living God of a living people. The scripture gives proof of it. In Exodus 3:6, God calls himself the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. God was the friend of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob when they lived on the earth. How can the unending love and care of God come to an abrupt end? Their friendship with God could not cease with death. How can the gift of life that God so generously shared with his children be a temporary gift? St Paul quoting from the prophet Isaiah (Is 64:4; 65:17) states: “What no eye has seen, nor ear heard, nor the heart of man conceived, what God has prepared for those who love him” (1Cor 2:9-10). Jesus made it clear to his contenders that they should not try to apply their limited knowledge upon the unlimited wisdom of God. It is not merely among followers religions that we find blind fanaticism. Lack of openness and haughtiness can be dangerous even if held in the name of science and pure reason. Dr. Kurian Perumpallikunnel CMI


 DOING JUSTICE TO GOD’S IMAGE – I marvel at the simple way Jesus resolved the issue brought to Him in today’s Gospel. The Lord said, “Bring me a denarius.” Then, looking at the face of the coin, He asked, “Whose image is this?” After the people pointed out the obvious — that the Roman coin in circulation carried the image of theemperor, Jesus stated a simple wisdom, saying, “Repay to Caesar what belongs to Caesar.”

Following Jesus’ wise saying, we remember that all of us have been made in God’s image and likeness (cf Genesis 1:26-27). As such, all of us must render everything back to God who is our Maker and Sole Owner. This is not just Christian doctrine but goes with wise, rational human thought of being just and right.

Going through the teachings of Jesus, we are helped on how we can truly honor God: “Bear good fruits, for a good tree bears good fruits.” The heavenly Father is the tree to which we are connected. Good fruits refer to the good deeds that we do. These good deeds honor Him back (cf Matthew 7:19; Matthew 5:16).

“Be perfect as the Father is perfect.” The perfection of God is love. Hence, we must do justice to being images of God by our love and forgiveness even to enemies (cf Matthew 5:43-48).

Listen and do God’s Word. We take our example from Mary and from Jesus who constantly had as a refrain in their lives “Let it be done to me according to your word.”

“Love God with all your heart, mind and strength.” This means being totally dedicated and devoted to God (cf Matthew 6:24).

Full dependence on the Father as our All. Belongingness to God is also trusting in Him, that He will take care of us and our every need, more than we could take care of ourselves! (cf Matthew 6:25-34). Fr. Domie Guzman, SSP

REFLECTION QUESTIONS: How deeply have you internalized these words: “image and likeness of God.” What part of your life easily radiates the image and likeness of God? What in you blurs the divine image?

May I honor You in all that I think, say and do, O Lord. Amen.


 June 01, 2016

REFLECTION: At the time of Jesus there was a group of Jews who flatly denied there is an afterlife. And Jesus refutes them easily enough by referring to the fact that God called himself “the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Jacob” (Ex 3:6). Surely, Jesus adds, God is not the God of dead people.

Nowadays, without denying the existence of an afterlife, many Protestants contend that the resurrection of those who have already died will happen only at the end of time. They base themselves on the statement of Jesus about the believer, “I shall raise him on the last day” (Jn 6:49). And they conclude that the Catholic belief in the intercession of saints is unacceptable. Dead people, they say, do not act. Yet, the argumentation of Jesus in today’s gospel reading is still valid as a refutation of the Protestant position.

But there is more. Jesus assures the Good Thief dying beside him on a cross, “Today you will be with me in Paradise” (Lk 23:42). Incidentally, the same idea (i.e. of immediate retribution after death) is suggested by 2 Cor 5:8: “We would rather leave the body and go home to the Lord.” There are several other texts proving that the saints are now with God and more alive than ever.

Let us not fear to call for their help.


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 Tuesday, May 31, 2016

Reflection for June 1, Wednesday Saint Justin, Martyr; Mark 12:18-27

Reflection: Is there an afterlife or resurrection after our life in this world is over? There is but it’s very different from the life that we have right now.

In the gospel a religious group who do not believe in the resurrection asked Jesus about a lady who married seven brothers who subsequently died one after the other. They asked Jesus, whose wife would she be in the afterlife?

Jesus said to them, “Are you not misled because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God? When they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but they are like the angels in heaven.

The resurrected life with Jesus in heaven is totally different from the life that we have right now. If here we have pains and sorrows there shall be no more there, what we will have there is a life with Jesus that is blissful and heavenly.

We must aspire for that heavenly life and we must start right now by following the teachings of Jesus. – Marino J. Dasmarinas


See Today’s Readings:  Year I,   Year II

Back to: Wednesday of the 9th Week of the Year

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