Monday of the 6th Week of Easter

John 15:26-16:4

Coming of the Advocate and the World’s Hatred


The life of a seminarian is spent most of the time listening to lectures in morals, scriptures, homiletics, fundamental theology, church history and other related subjects in order to equip him for his future ministry as a priest. The professors accompany him in this academic journey; however and more importantly, he also needs to study on his own. Lectures do help but he must also read,, research and learn outside the formal environment of a classroom.

In today’s gospel, Jesus promised to send the Advocate, the Spirit of Truth who will guide us into the whole truth. However we must not forget the second part of this promise. It is not enough that the Spirit moves us but we must also act on the Spirit’s movement in our lives. The apostles, for example, in the Agony in the Garden were more than willing to keep watch while Jesus needed them most.

Acting on the move of the Spirit means discerning His will and allowing Him to lead us. In this way we would testify to the presence of God with our lives. Sure there will be persecutions, obstacles and conflicts coming our way. But with the Spirit in us, how can we fail? (Frt. Elmer I. Ibarra, SVD Bible Diary 2004)


I would like to reflect on the Lord’s concern for His disciples in the face of suffering (persecution, etc.).

The problem of evil has plagued humanity from the beginning. It has made philosophy to answer by positing dualism (two gods – one evil, another good), or by accepting atheism. “Suffering is the mother of atheism.” Because of suffering, many have turned away from God.

In today’s gospel, how does the Lord help His disciples before persecution/pain?

First, by telling them ahead of time – this seems to be a pattern in the New Testament. In the synoptic gospels Jesus predicts His suffering, death and rising at least three times. In the Missionary Discourse he prepares His disciples by foretelling/anticipating the period of persecution. In the Eschatological Discourse Jesus paints the pains at the end of time, to prepare His church for its participation in the paschal mystery. And finally in the Farewell Discourse (the context of today’s gospel), “I have said these things to you that when the hour comes, you may remember that I have told you about them.”

The second help is the Divine Helper, the Paraclete/Advocate. “I will not leave your orphans.” The assistance offered by the Spirit of the Risen Lord is manifold. “It will not be you who will be speaking, the Spirit will speak on your behalf,” (from the Missionary Discourse). (The complete commentary on the Spirit’s guidance and sustaining/comforting presence is the Acts of the Apostles).

A final thought from the Passion Narrative – this prediction of suffering/pain and the promise of the Comforter should lead us/Christ’s disciples to peace, calm and acceptance. A leitmotif/recurrent truth of the Passion Narrative is that Jesus, after His acceptance of the cup of suffering in Gethsemane, walked to the Cross as Lord, ‘i.e., with full acceptance, in complete control. This theme is developed in the Fourth Gospel as “Kingship.” (Fr. Willy Villegas, SVD Bible Diary 2005)


There was a news item recently that a young man from Dumaguete, Negros Oriental accidentally stumbled into a new technology of “putting the fish to sleep,” and putting it back to life” even after nine hours of travel without water. He was experimenting ob sex reversal of groupers off in Palawan in 1987 as a young student. He came up with an anti-stress solution. This solution could put the fish into a state of hibernation. Then the fish could be transported without water to far distances.

Aside from the great implications and savings made through this discovery, the very act of putting the fish to sleep and putting it back to life again sound miraculous in itself. If we, human as we are, could believe that this is possible today, how much more if we could believe what the Lord promised us? He said he would work with us. He will confirm our words with the signs of His presence.

The sign done by the members of the early Church are still operative in us now. Our problem, however, is our lack of faith. That is why our insight and understanding of God’s ways of working with us is meager. Let us start this day by looking deeper into ourselves and observe how wonderfully we are built by God. When we can believe that we can be put back to life on the last day, then our words and actions will give witness that we have a loving God with us now. (Fr. Carlos Lariosa, SVD Bible Diary 2006)


….In the text prior to today’s gospel passage, Jesus states: “If the world hates you, just remember that it has hated me first,” (v. 18). “If they persecute me, they will persecute you too,” (v. 20). Thus, it has been a warning to many who wish to follow Jesus that they will most certainly be subjected to harassment and persecution as Jesus experienced.

Nowadays, however, physical torture is no longer a very common practice which makes Christians renounce their faith. other forms have emerged in the world: misleading media, modern technologies, poverty, corruption, etc. these things pull many away from the idea of God. And most of them threaten the principles every Christian must protect and uphold.

But we must rejoice because we have in us the Spirit of truth (the Advocate) who will guide and enlighten us to understand that these forms of persecution are but tests of faith. and with Jesus’ words of warning in today’s gospel, may we remain discerning “so that you may not fall away” and remain steadfast in putting God at the center of our lives. (Fr. Dudz Lero, SVD Bible Diary 2007)


In today’s gospel, Jesus promised to send the Holy Spirit, the Paraclete, to bear witness on His behalf. It is the Paraclete who would lead the believers to the truth.

Devoted to the Holy Spirit, the Paraclete Class was only too aware of what Jesus said to His disciples, “You must bear witness as well….” Jesus made it very clear to His disciples that they will suffer much on His behalf. They will be rejected and persecuted and brought to trials because of Him. But they will always have the Paraclete, the Advocate to be with them to defend them.

There will always be men/women who, when confronted with so many options and possibilities in life, will make an option for Jesus. They will have the Paraclete when they will bear witness on Jesus’ behalf…….. (Fr. Herman Suico, SVD Bible Diary 2008)


After that fateful 9-11 incident in New York, the United States, if not the whole world started to live in dread of terrorism. We all live in a time when killing people, is done in the name of God or simply, as a way to worship God. The late Pope John Paul II, in convoking a prayer assembly of religions and religious leaders in Assisi months after the incident declared “Never again to killing in the name of God!” Here we see the words of Christ fulfilled, “…the hour is coming when everyone who kills you will think he is offering worship to God.” Indeed, what Pope John Paul II did was to testify to the human dignity Christ restored by His sacrifice on the Cross. The Pope was able to do this because the Holy Spirit, the Advocate of Christ’s love, witnesses in us, with us and through us. In the gospel today, Christ exhorts us to remember our duty to testify, “I told you (this).”

The Holy Spirit is the memory of Christ, constantly reminding us all, that he did for mankind and all creation. The coming of the Holy Spirit to us at Baptism, confirmation and at other sacraments affirms to us that just as God took on a human body, so will the Holy Spirit “need” a body whose faculty to remember he can use to bring us back to all that Jesus said and did for us.

It is thus imperative that we, too, must keep tab with our memory of Christ. How do we do this? By having an active life in church, by constant and faithful prayer, reading of Scriptures, understanding the teachings and thoughts of the Catholic Church, actually experiencing the Word of God in our lives and sharing God’s ways in our lives – in short, Christian witnessing. When we live by our fidelity in Christ the Holy Spirit won’t have the difficulty reminding us about Jesus who so generously and so self-effacingly offered His life for us. Jesus would never allow killing people to worship God. He rather have Himself killed so all may worship God alive.

Indeed when we follow Jesus’ way, Christ in the Spirit becomes not just a memory but a reality, empowered by the same Spirit that stirred him to love, live and serve life – in us, with us and through us. (Fr. Bernardo Collera, SVD Bible Diary 2009)


Circulating in the internet was a horrible picture of a new “holocaust” in Nigeria. It showed five hundred bodies of Christians burnt alive while they were at prayer in the Church! Father Juan Carlos Martos, CMF who sent it said: “They are real martyrs dying for their faith!” Even after two thousand years, the words of Jesus addressed to His disciples remain true: “The hour is coming when everyone who kills you will think he is offering worship to God.” In the name of religion, 300 million Christians today are persecuted in the different parts of the world according to reliable sources. In the Holy Land, there are still Christians who for two centuries have survived hardships because of their faith. Sad to say, a thousand of them leave their homeland every year.

Since its birth, Christianity has faced persecutions as Christ himself was persecuted. The Judeo-Christians were driven out from their beloved families and were no longer allowed to participate in the prayers of the synagogues. Paul himself was persecutor of the Church. After his conversion he became the persecuted, chased, beaten, put in trial, imprisoned, etc. in the Roman Empire, Christians were dragged to the arena and fed to the animals. It was a great wonder how, despite their difficult situation and sufferings, the Christians have held fast to their faith and continued to grow in number. The reason could only come from “above.” They got their inner strength from the Holy Spirit, sent by Jesus from the Father. He is the Defender, the Spirit of truth, who will testify to Christ. They too, the Christians will testify because they know Jesus Christ who is present in their lives: “You are with me,” he assured. They cannot but share to others their joy and inner freedom of hearing and living the Good News of salvation despite the threat of death.

“Testify” in English is “martyrein” in Greek. For this reason the first Christians who died for their faith were called martyrs. To be a martyr in the original sense is to to “give witness” to Christ. (Fr. Xene Sanchez, SVD Bible Diary 2014).


May 2, 2016 Monday

In legal matters, we hire lawyers as counselors or advocates, because they advise and defend us.

Through life’s difficult times, we depend upon psychology professionals to comfort us, to help us.  Not only are such professionals expensive, they are available only by appointment and are subject to error. For us as an institution, we regularly seek their assistance. Our culture leads us to paying expensive lawyers and psychologists for their services.

Our particular Gospel passage has a special term for those who render such services: Parakletos.

According to William Barclay, this word can mean a lawyer who pleads your case or a witness who testifies in your behalf. It can refer to a person who gives comfort, counsel, or strength in time of need. The literal meaning is “someone called in;” but it is the reason why the person is called in which gives the word its distinctive associations. Always a parakletos is someone called in to help when the person who calls him in is in trouble or distress or in doubt or bewilderment.

Further, Parakletos has been translated into Advocate, Counselor, Comforter, and Intercessor, but each of these expresses only one facet of parakletos. The original readers of this Gospel would have heard the full richness of its various meanings. Some Bibles use the word Paraclete, which is not an English word but a transliteration of the Greek word. The problem is that most people don’t know what a Paraclete is, so using Paraclete without explanation will probably convey less meaning rather than more.The Paraclete, of course, is the Holy Spirit, God’s Spirit dwelling in and among God’s people.

Note that the various translations of Paraclete (Advocate, Counselor, Comforter, and Helper) all point to the helping, supporting role of the Spirit. The Paraclete is with us always, and offers power and wisdom that are simply unavailable elsewhere at any price. This is not to say that we should not consult lawyers and psychologists, but it gives us an appreciation for the ever-present and powerful help that God makes available to us through the Paraclete.

To those early Christians, whom the world would hate, the synagogues would excommunicate, and Rome would persecute, this was good news. They had no access to professional counsel, but they did have each other – and they had the Paraclete. This is also good news for us. Neither our lawyer nor our psychiatrist welcomes a phone call in the middle of the night when terror jolts us from our slumbers. The Paraclete, however, is always present and ready to help.

Finally, in these verses, Jesus talks about the persecution that his disciples can expect to experience – about a world that will hate them for not belonging to the kosmos. He talks about kosmospeople who hate the Son for exposing them to the light and making them accountable for their sins.  The invitation is for us to depend on the Parakletos in its fullest meaning. (Fr. Lex Ferrer, SVD | DWST, Tagaytay City Bible Diary 2016)


My Reflection for Monday May 26, Saint Philip Neri, Priest John 15:26-16:4a – Reflection: We know that the Advocate is the Holy Spirit, It moves it our lives it whispers to us. And we listen to what it tells us for what it tells us is for our own good. However, not everyone knows the Holy Spirit and not everyone feels its presence in their lives.

We have a role to accomplish to those who don’t know yet the presence and role of the Holy Spirit/Advocate. And what is our role? Our role is to give to them the gentleness of Jesus. We gently guide them we gently advice them we give them something that they could hold on forever no other than Jesus. And when they already have Jesus we take a backseat and let Jesus move in their lives through the same Holy Spirit which HE richly gave the disciples.

We are the visible representation of Jesus in this world. Others will know Jesus through our gentleness and humility. Let us therefore refrain from being judgmental for how could others know Jesus through us if become judgmental?

Let us always aspire to open the hearts of our fellowmen so that Jesus could come into their lives. So that Jesus could bring to them the ever present help of the Holy Spirit. This we could do best through our gentleness and humility. (Marino J. Dasmarinas)


Sunday, May 1, 2016

Reflection for May 2, Monday, Saint Athanasius, Bishop and Doctor; John 15:26—16:4a

Reflection: Why do others kill for their religion? For example, those who blow themselves in the midst of people so that they could kill as many as possible. They do this because they do not know Jesus. Yes they have a God but what their God is teaching is not what Jesus is teaching us.

Jesus preaches compassion, love, sacrifice and humility this is always what Jesus is teaching us. Jesus never taught us to spread violence and to blow ourselves into kingdom come so that we could inflict damage and fear.

What are we going to do to them? Should we face violence with violence of course not for the simple reason that violence is not in the resume and teachings of Jesus. We should rather pray for them so that they can be converted and enlightened.

Nothing is impossible for our God, we therefore should continue to pray for the conversion of those who continue to inflict hatred upon us. They may be members of our family, they may be our former friends or anybody whose objective is to create catastrophic damage and fear upon humanity.

Let us therefore pray for their enlightenment and conversion for nothing is impossible for our God. – Marino J. Dasmarinas


LOSING IT ALL: “They will do such things because they have not known the Father or me.” – John 16:3

Last year, I caught the tail-end of Oprah Winfrey’s interview with seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong. He had been charged for using performance-enhancing drugs and the recently concluded investigations proved that he was guilty. Consequently, he was stripped of his titles, including his Olympic medal in cycling. What’s worse, he’s also banned for life from the sport.

But his troubles didn’t end there. Aside from all the advertising endorsements he lost, he may have to return the millions of dollars in prize money that he won throughout his career. What a shameful ending for a person who has become an icon in cycling and cancer survival.

It made me reflect: Am I faithful to the things that I profess? Do I practice what I preach? Am I a true Christian even when no one is watching me?

I shudder to think that everything a person has worked for his whole life could be gone in an instant because he didn’t live with integrity. Rissa Singson-Kawpeng (

Reflection: Does your inner life measure up to your outer life?

Lord, guard my heart, my lips and my life. May I walk the straight and narrow path with a pure heart. Amen.


1ST READING: The details of what Paul did in evangelizing the various communities he built lends to the authenticity of the text as it tells us his contacts and modus operandi in detail. It is as though the author of Acts was there, and he may well have been for many of the journeys — Luke was one of Paul’s companions for a time. It is important that we realize that Paul stays in many of these places for months to evangelize. Acts 16:11-15

GOSPEL: Jesus tells His disciples that they will be persecuted. What a way to instill confidence and hope. Yet Jesus knew His audience well and that being forewarned meant they could prepare themselves better. We should be aware that we may be persecuted, too. As a priest there is always someone who has something to complain about what I did or how I did it. Some criticism is constructive but when it goes beyond that, it is persecution. We had all better prepare for it. John 15:26-16:4

think: We had all better prepare for persecution for the sake of the Gospel.


THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP: A German Lutheran pastor, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, wrote a book entitled The Cost of Discipleship sometime before World War II. He was an outspoken critic of the Nazi regime during the ’30s and ’40s and was arrested and put in a concentration camp. He died about two days before the liberation of that camp by the Allied Armies in 1945. The book is a classic, and deservedly so, in its description of the cost of choosing the life of being a disciple of Jesus. And what makes it more so is that the author himself lived it to the full in his life.

If we are afraid to speak the truth in love, we have to ask ourselves why. If it is simply because there might be a cost involved, whether to our reputation or even our life, we must pray for the grace to ignore the cost and speak the truth in love because that is what is demanded of a disciple of Jesus. There can be no justice and no true love where truth does not abound; there is no true discipleship of Jesus and the Gospel where truth and love remain silent in the midst of sin.

We live in a world where truth takes a relatively low place in the hierarchy of what is important when it comes to morality. The most important considerations seem to be acceptability, pleasure and ease of living and implementation. There is a tendency to avoid the truth as it is often unpalatable to those with the loudest voices and harder to live out. Unfortunately, this position endangers the salvation of those who choose it. Our salvation depends on how we embrace the truth of the Gospel without deliberate compromise. This isn’t easy but that is the nature of discipleship.

And so, we have to ask ourselves not what is going to be most comfortable to us or others, but what is the truth. This question is at the heart of discipleship and even if answering it faithfully means persecution, then that is the path we must choose. Fr. Steve Tynan, MGL

REFLECTION QUESTION: Do you embrace and stand up for the truth at all cost?

Holy Spirit, help me to be inspired by people who have faithfully embraced Your call at great cost to themselves because they believed their duty to the truth is greater than allegiance to any earthly institution.


STAY CONNECTED – “I have told you this so that you may not fall away.” – John 16:1

Facebook is a worldwide technological phenomenon. Through it, we can connect with each other globally in a very rapid way. We communicate with and track the whereabouts of old friends and acquaintances across the globe in real time.

A 50-million audience reach took radio 38 years. Television took 13 years. But Facebook did it in less than three years. Facebook turned the globe into a virtual neighborhood. (Not to mention that it effaced Friendster.)

Why was Facebook able to do this? I have a clue. It isn’t really just Facebook, but man’s innate need to be connected. Because relationships are man’s greatest wealth. So, why do we long for more? Because there is a foremost relationship at the core of our being that we long for — our connectedness to God!

Only when we are founded on the Real Source of Power can all our other relationships make sense.

Because no man is an island.

We need to connect, get tagged and get nourished by God. Only then will we not “not fall away” (John 16:1). Want to subscribe to Faithbook? Obet Cabrillas (

Reflection: “I am the vine, you are the branches; he who abides in Me and I in him, he bears much fruit, for apart from Me you can do nothing.” (John 15:5)

Lord, may we always connect with You through prayer, Scripture, sacraments, community and ministry. Only then can we fully experience full life.


 May 11, 2015

Monday of the 6th Week of Easter

Acts 16:11-15

Jn 15:26—16:4a

‘Jesus Way’

Today we have a passage for our reflection that becomes more meaningful in our times than before. Jesus tells us: ‘They will put you out of the synagogues; in fact the time is coming when anyone who kills you will think they are offering a service to God.’ Against the backdrop of the inhuman attacks and killings of the Christians by the ISIS in Iraq and Syria and the religious hatred and intolerant attacks on Christians by the RSS and the affiliates in our country, this passage bears significance. Jesus predicts without doubts that this is what a Christian should expect. Following the path of Jesus is a perilous journey.

This has been the case ever since the mission of Jesus started. He had to face the most painful death on earth just because of his adherence to truth and mission. He was fully aware of the consequences of his unrelenting attitude. He was ready to face it because for him the mission entrusted to him by the father was more important. Diluting his stance by “adjusting” and “accommodating” could have saved his precious life. But that was not the ‘Jesus way’.

Same was the case the early Christians had to face. They were hunted out by the Jews as well as the Romans. To become a Christian was the most unsafe act. Many had to pay the price through their life. The inhuman cruelties and persecutions could not deter them. Instead they only strengthened them in their faith. Faith that is tested through sufferings is like gold that shines when it is melted and formed.

Jesus gives us the reason also why people hate Christians. It is because they know neither the Father nor Jesus. Anyone who comes to know Jesus will surely be his disciple. He is like a magnet. The power of attraction of his message of love has not weakened. It will not weaken either. More than ever the world is in need of the message of Jesus. People keep prejudices because they do not know Jesus. Nor have we tried our best to make Jesus known. Have we?

Jesus mentions about this responsibility of ours also in today’s passage: “He will testify about me; you also must testify”. This is our duty: Testify to Jesus; bear witness to him, just as the Holy Spirit witnesses to Jesus; just as the apostles and the first Christian community testified about Jesus. Where do we stand today? Do we make use of all the platforms available to us to witness to Jesus? Do we shy away from our responsibility? The institutionalized Indian Church is a powerful body; may be more powerful than its numerical strength shows. Are we making use of our “powerful” and “famous” institutions to testify to Jesus? If not, aren’t we failing in our fundamental Christian duty of bearing witness to Jesus? Whom do we fear? Don’t we believe that the Lord is with us? Dr Martin Mallathu CMI


The Spirit’s Witness

May 11, 2015 (readings)

Monday of the Sixth Week of Easter

Father John Doyle, LC

John 15:26-16:4a

Jesus said to his disciples: “When the Advocate comes whom I will send you from the Father, the Spirit of truth that proceeds from the Father, he will testify to me. And you also testify, because you have been with me from the beginning. I have told you this so that you may not fall away. They will expel you from the synagogues; in fact, the hour is coming when everyone who kills you will think he is offering worship to God. They will do this because they have not known either the Father or me. I have told you this so that when their hour comes you may remember that I told you.”

Introductory Prayer: Lord, as I begin this prayer I offer you my whole self: my thoughts, desires, decisions, actions, hopes, fears, weaknesses, failures and petty successes. I open my entire being to you, aware that you know everything already. I’m certain of your mercy and of the purifying power of your penetrating, loving gaze.

Petition: Lord God, help me to live as a true witness to Christ.

  1. Witness of Christ:Some people try to invoke the Holy Spirit as justification for ideas contrary to Christ’s teaching. A careful look at today’s Gospel illustrates how this can never be according to God’s plan. The Holy Spirit is not at odds with Christ’s message, nor is he working out a plan of salvation distinct from Christ’s Church. The Holy Spirit is the spirit of Christ and of the Father; his very purpose in coming is to testify to Christ. Every true inspiration of the Holy Spirit moves us to a greater fidelity to the truth. Am I attentive to the Spirit’s urging me to a greater fidelity to my Christian commitments?
  2. Witnesses in the Spirit:Our faith is by no means a static reality. Just as the first disciples experienced Christ’s preaching, miracles and personal love, all Christians serious about their faith discover Christ’s presence throughout their daily experience. This is especially true in the sacraments of penance and the Eucharist. Jesus is always with us, and his forgiveness and closeness are the source of our joy. The Holy Spirit empowers us through the grace of our baptism to give witness to what we have freely received. Do I take seriously my Christian vocation to give testimony to Christ’s love? Do I realize that my first act of testimony needs to be the witness of a truly Christian life? Do I remember that in this seemingly daunting task I should rely heavily on the Holy Spirit as my business partner?
  3. Fidelity Amidst Opposition:Christ shares with the apostles gathered in the Upper Room that being witnesses to him will not always be met with acceptance. Opposition seems to be an integral part of being a Christian. Deep-seated and unflinching adherence to Christ and the voice of conscience has never been compatible with the popular mindset. In fact, many times Christians are not called to “fit in” but to “stand out”, and this has inevitable consequences as it did in the life of Our Lord. The wonderful part is that we have been promised the final victory. Christ goes before us and the Holy Spirit is at our side.

Conversation with Christ: Lord Jesus, it has always been demanding to be an authentic witness to you. Teach me not to rely on my own capabilities, but to grow in strength and coherence through fidelity to the inspirations of your Holy Spirit.

Resolution: I will make some public sign of witness to my faith today.


Sunday, May 1, 2016

MONDAY OF THE 6TH WEEK OF EASTER (YEAR C) – JUAN 15:26-16:4. NGANONG ADUNA MAY MANGLUTOS SA MGA KRISTIYANOS? Si Kristo nagpasidaan sa iyang mga tinun-an: “Hinginlan kamo nila sa mga sinagoga; gani moabot ang takna nga si bisan kinsa nga mopatay kaninyo magtoo nga mag-alagad siya sa Diyos.” Kining mga pulonga makahuloganon tungod kay nabalitaan nato nga bisan karon adunay mga tawo nga mopatay og mga Kristiyanos sa ngalan sa Dios. Gibuhat kini sa mga ISIS ngadto sa mga Kristiyanos sa Middle East. Para kanato nga nagsimba og Dios nga mahigugmaon ug maloloy-on, lisod sabton ang ilang hunahuna ug buhat. Matod pa ni Hesus, “Buhaton nila kini tungod kay sila wala makaila sa Amahan ni kanako.” Nga sa ato pa, gibuhat nila ang pagpatay sa mga Kristiyanos tungod kay wala man sila makaila sa tinuod nga Dios.


May 02, 2016

REFLECTION: That God-become-man in the person of Jesus is a mystery, because we cannot fully understand how it is possible. Yet, the Church has always held that Jesus of Nazareth was totally God and totally man.
However, in the course of history some Christians have been seduced by the heresy of docetism (from the Greek dokei, it seems) and denied the humanity of Jesus, whereas other Christians were seduced by the heresy of arianism (from the 4th century priest Arius of Alexandria, who proposed it) and denied the divinity of Jesus.

The saint we are celebrating today, Athanasius, as bishop of Alexandria fought the heresy of his opponent Arius with great courage. Even the emperors were Arian, along with the majority of Catholic bishops. In fact, it was the laity who preserved the Church from becoming completely Arian! In his fight against this heresy and its powerful defenders, Athanasius was exiled five times during his 45 years as bishop of Alexandria. He wrote magnificently on the divinity of Christ, until his death in the year 373. This superb champion of the faith should inspire us to treasure our belief in the divinity of Jesus, the core of our Christian faith.


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See Today’s Readings:  Year I,   Year II

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