Tuesday of the 2nd Week of the Year

Mk 2:23-28

The Disciples and the Sabbath

OTHER HOMILY SOURCES:

We read in the gospel the relationship between us and the Sabbath. Jesus knows that our spirit gets tired and we need to take care of it so we can be constantly renewed in our Christian commitment. And so Jesus says that Sabbath was made for man and not man for Sabbath. Sabbath, therefore, was not meant as a burden for us but rather a moment to be at rest with God and the gathered community. It is a celebration of faith and service with a community of believers in the presence of God’s word and Eucharist.

Sunday is our Catholic Sabbath. It was meant to help and reinvigorate the community of the faithful. The spirit of the Sabbath is not to keep it, but rather it keeps us and makes us a celebrating community. (Fr. Jerome Marquez, SVD Bible Diary 2002)

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The Catechism for Filipino Catholics (1994 p. 144) describes the Filipino: “We are especially fond of religious procession, novenas and numerous devotions. Our churches are crowded on Sundays, fiestas, etc.” and Simbang Gabi. And yet “how can many pious church members continue to act as abusive landlords, usurers, oppressive employers or dishonest employees? Why do many graduates of our best Catholic schools turn out to be corrupt government officials, unfaithful husbands and wives, or cheating businessmen?” This may sound a generalization; but judging from the country’s situation at present, it would point to the fact that corruption and dishonesty do not belong only to the minority.

In the Gospel of Mark regarding the question of Sabbath, Jesus once more pointed out that Sabbath was made for man and man for the Sabbath. In effect Jesus was proclaiming something new: “that religion should not end in observance of rules and rituals but should find its natural goal in a changed heart that opens itself to welcome others into one’s life.

The Catechism continues: “There seems to be a serious gap between external ritual expression of Christian Faith and authentic discipleship: following Christ in action.”

The call of our religion therefore is to close the gap between our religious practices and our day-to-day life. Thanks to the work of the Holy Spirit, more and more Christians are now finding true life by joining communities that gather regularly and support each other in living a moral life which means following Christ. (Fr. Atilano Corcuera, SVD Bible Diary 2004)

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A preacher in his homily said, “Going to church does not make you a Christian anymore than going to a garage makes you an automobile.”

External religious observance and devotional piety cannot substitute for loving God and neighbor. Piety is authentically Christian only when it is united with loving service of others. Jesus warns that there is far more to religion than attending the temple, performing certain practices and obeying certain laws.

To what extent do we tend to confine religion to attending church and obeying laws? Let us realize that the heart of religion is love and service: to love and serve God above all things and to love our brothers and sisters as ourselves. (Fr. Ronillo B. Ordenes, SVD Bible Diary 2005)

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What’s the big deal about picking heads of grain on a Sabbath? Well, this might be incredible for you and me but for the Pharisees and the rabbis doing so was a deadly sin which demanded the strongest condemnation. The Sabbath law was one surrounded by literally thousands of small rules and regulations. Working on such day was considered one of the most forbidden actions any Jew might do. Picking ears of corn as the disciples were doing in today’s gospel was work and thus a violation of the law.

The deeper issue here which our Lord clearly saw was the conflict between the law and human need. Obviously for the Lord the latter takes precedence for the law is made for humans and not the other way around. This same issue goes deeper into the very heart of what true religion means. If one’s religion prevents him/her from helping someone in need, then such a religion is a big fake. If one’s religion is more centered on the system and on rituals and externals while forgetting the human person, the religion is a big lie.

We can be truly proud that our Christian religion has always been stressing the utmost importance of helping others and of responding to the needs of others especially those who are less fortunate and more disadvantaged than us. Let the gospel reading for today then make us realize that we need to be more responsive to others’ needs. Amy the reading lead us to be more Christian most especially in our deeds. Oftentimes, we need not look far to see those in need. They might be just part of your household, or your work area or within your community. Would you want to take the EXTRA CHALLENGE or better would you take the CHRISTIAN CHALLENGE? (Fr. Emmanuel Menguito, SVD Bible Diary 2004)

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“Is it okay to work on Sundays?” Somebody came up with this question to me before – a saleslady working in a mall. It’s a simple question with a difficult answer, s dilemma whether to earn a decent living or to keep Sunday, the Christian Sabbath, holy.

During the time of Jesus, Sabbath observance has become an essential element of Judaism, the religion of Jesus. As such, how to keep holy the Sabbath day, the Third Commandment, is a much debated topic, something like the discussion today on whether or not priests can enter politics. Some gave a very strict interpretation, like the people in Qumran and the Pharisees and a more liberal understanding, like Jesus and a number of rabbis. Today’s gospel text is an example of such a lively discussion.

Jesus’ statement, “The Sabbath was made for people not people for the Sabbath,” (v. 27) has been often interpreted as a proof that Jesus abolished the Sabbath or at least totally revised it. This interpretation is problematic. First, it ignores the fact that Jesus, especially in the earliest gospel (mark), honored the Sabbath and kept it holy. He attended the services in the synagogue on the Sabbath (Mk 1:21; 3:1; 6:2). Second, it portrays the Jews as “neurotics” who put numerous restrictions on Sabbath observance like counting how many steps they should only take to avoid violation of the Sabbath rule.

For many Jews including Jesus and His followers, the Sabbath is a joy, not a burden; a day to look forward to rather than to be avoided. A passage in the book of Isaiah states: “If you refrain from trampling the Sabbath, from pursuing your own interests on my holy day of the Lord honorable, then you shall take delight in the Lord,” (58:13). (Fr. Randolf Flores, SVD Bible Diary 2008)

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Worship depends on an embodied spirit. If this embodied is devoid of any movement or weighed down by any ability to perform due to weakness caused by hunger or the absence of energy, then that embodied spirit’s movement or performance falls short of the expectation of a live body. Its immobile or weakened state in a ritual performance is tantamount to being expressionless hence improper or purposeless. An enervated body may not express fully the desired worship expected from an alive and fully embodied spirit. Therefore, Jesus is condoning the act of picking the grains on a Sabbath, was addressing a more basic and prior biological need. It was not meant to disregard or disrespect the Sabbath but to reenergize first his disciples before they can worship. A weakened body or a lifeless body therefore does not give proper meaning to what worship means.

While it is true that human needs in general must be satisfied, their satisfaction, however, follows certain rules of ethics. Humans are ethical or moral beings by nature. Human actions are tempered by choices in following certain goals. In this case, however, we are not yet hovering on the ethical and moral because the satisfaction of a basic need ranks prior to or before making choices. Only when choices are made available that morality or ethical actions can be evaluated. Or only when persons make choices can their actions be considered moral actions.

Food is one of the basic needs. Its production and accessibility are causally linked to the laws of politics and economics. Its connection with morality and theology is mentioned (though not always) only after the laws of economics and politics have played out their parts. This is not of course to exclude morality from politics and economics. On the contrary, morality should be the driving force of politics and economics. In fact, the moral laws should raise up the ante, especially if food scarcity becomes the prevailing global phenomena. For it cannot be allowed that millions should go hungry and die because there is an unequal distribution of food or food is inaccessible or unavailable. (Fr. Joey Miras, SVD Bible Diary 2009)

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What type of action is forbidden on a Sunday? In the hospitality industry, day-off is forbidden on a Sunday. For a priest, day-off is also forbidden on a Sunday. When I was still working in a restaurant four years ago, my area manager told us during our one-month training that in the restaurant industry, we work when everybody is having their day-off. Same is true when I entered the seminary; one priest told me that a priest works while everybody is enjoying their vacation.

For the Jew, the law of Sabbath rest was one of the most important laws (Ex 31:12). Certain governing principles emerged: the only permissible work on the Sabbath is in connection with God’s house, the Temple. What is forbidden is work connected with the Israelite household.  Likewise, according to Jacob Neusner on the Sabbath it is prohibited deliberately to carry out in a normal way a complete act of constructive labor, one that produces enduring results. Basically it is not an act of labor that itself is prohibited but an act of labor of a very particular definition.

The Pharisees, who were considered to be the experts of the law and exact (avkri, beia) in their interpretation of the law asked why the disciples of Jesus have transgressed the Law of Sabbath, if David and his men could eat the loaves normally forbidden, why could not the disciples of Jesus eat on a Sabbath by plucking grains? King David allowed it then, how much more Jesus the Son of man Himself? Jesus defends His disciples in another way: “The Sabbath was instituted for the benefit of men, not for the benefit of the Sabbath.” But this doesn’t mean that man is the Lord of the Sabbath. Therefore, every law must be explained with reason because law should lead us to becoming human and not human beings becoming what is in the law.

We cannot blame the Pharisees for asking the disciples, because the law is their way of life. In fact we can learn from them especially their faithfulness in the observance of the Law and traditions. But Jesus is adding something here: faithfulness in the observance of the Law is not enough there should be a spirit in it – a spirit that leads us to a greater law, the law of love. Love that is concretized in our service to others. After all, laws are there to guide us to becoming what we ought to be – persons of service (Frt. Mark Angelo Rmos, SVD Bible Diary 2012).

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Laws are important. There is no single country that prides itself of having no laws. This is likewise recognition of the fact that each country is unique. What is good for one country is might be bad for another, and what is sacred for one might be profane for one another. Laws and their observance help people to live in harmony. Their abuse, on the other hand, could lead to a total disrespect of human dignity. Dictators are a clear proof of this.

Faithful Jews like the Pharisees believed in the sanctity of their laws. That is why they insisted on their fulfillment at all times. Every act against it was for them a grave sin. It was therefore typical of them when they called Jesus’ attention when his disciples disobeyed the Sabbath law. As their teacher, he was supposed to teach what was lawful and right. Jesus’ response was more than just a breath of fresh air. Although he himself did not break the law, he insisted for a much more humane interpretation of them. Laws existed to serve man’s needs and not the other way around. Therefore, he did not break the law by condoning the action of his disciples, but rather placed its observance in the proper perspective.

Are our laws and our observance of them promoting human dignity or are they making us slaves and abusive like brutal dictators? (Fr. Roberto C. Alda SVD Bible Diary 2015).

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January 19, 2016 Tuesday

Conflicts many times occur in our lives and relationships because of our fanaticism or our incapacity to see the whole situation. They happen because we are unable to put ourselves into the situation of the other. The Pharisees in our gospel today were in conflict with the disciples of Jesus who were working in the field during the Sabbath to satisfy their hunger and need. For them- the Pharisees- the Sabbath was made not for human beings but that human beings were made for the Sabbath. With this belief, they started to criticize, judge, and create conflict with Jesus and his disciples.

How do we overcome conflict from the perspective of the gospel?

Conflicts are overcome by living the truth. The truth on the Sabbath is for all to have a time to praise and honor God and to promote service and life to those who are in need. Living this truth of the Sabbath in this manner helps us to establish harmony in life and good relationships. To resolve conflict then is to search, see and, with humility, believe in the whole truth not only in our own beliefs and convictions. God’s truth goes beyond our own understanding and mindset. Openness, flexibility and willingness to be enriched by the other are necessary for overpowering conflicts.

Second, conflicts are overcome from the perspective of the gospel when, in living the spirit of the Sabbath, our faith in the Lord starts. The law on the Sabbath need not be an end in itself but a point of departure from which one can look for the good of the other and the community. In a word the spirit of the Sabbath invites us to be more tolerant, open, respectful and patient with the needs and weaknesses of our brothers and sisters. Living the true spirit of the Sabbath is making the life of the people in our community as our priority. It is recognizing God’s presence not only by fulfilling His commandments but also by seeing and believing in God’s sanctuary in the hopes, dreams, joys and pains of the people we encounter. It is through this way that conflicts are conquered.

May our faith in the Lord bridge conflicts and built smooth relationships. Pope Francis once said, when faith in the Lord leads us “to think well, feel well and act well” conflicts do not thrive in our community.

Finally conflicts are overcome when mercy, compassion and service are the ends and goals of living the Sabbath. We may have diff erent beliefs and mindsets but such differences enrich and unify when mercy, compassion and unconditional service are lived and extended to the people and the community we live in. Observing the true spirit of the Sabbath creates in us a disposition to focus more on seeing, feeling and acting on the joys and tears of the people around us. Merciful and compassionate attitudes eliminate possible con icts in our relationships with God and others, for the focus is not so much on our belief as on responding to the needs and suff erings of the people we encounter and live with. (Fr. Robert Ibay, SVD | Divine Word College of Vigan Bible Diary 2016)

Source: rveritas-asia.org/index.php/daily-reflection/418-january-19-2016-tuesday

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Reflection for January 20, Tuesday of the Second Week; Mark 2:23-28

Reflection: Why was Jesus so popular with the common people of His time? Because He violates some religious norms for the greater good of the people that He loves so dearly.  For example the picking of grain during Sabbath day, doing this was prohibited based on the Jewish religion. But Jesus dared to violate this law for the good of His disciples.

Laws or religious norms are good for the reason that it will teach us obedience and discipline. But there are times that we have to violate it so that it could serve a higher and nobler purpose. In the gospel the nobler or higher purpose why Jesus violated the Sabbath law was to feed the hungry stomachs of His disciples.

Jesus violated the Sabbath law for the reason that humans are more important that laws. We  can amend a law or extinguish the life of a law but are we willing to extinguish the life of a human being to serve the law?

In a deeper sense Jesus is teaching us that the important need of a person (In this case the need for food) is far more important than any law. For Jesus it’s always the good of His followers than the observance of any kind of religious law/s.

This norm of Jesus stands until today we are His priority more than any other rule/law in this world. How about us, is Jesus our priority more than any other undertaking in this world? – Marino J. Dasmarinas

Source: mjdasma.blogspot.com/2015/01/reflection-for-january-20-tuesday-of.html

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 Monday, January 18, 2016

Reflection for January 19, Tuesday of the Second Week; Mark 2:23-28

Reflection: What is a Sabbath?

Sabbath is a day of rest and worship based on this command: “Remember to keep holy the Sabbath day. Six days you may work and do all your occupation, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD, your God. No work may be done then.” (Exodus 20:8-10)

Whenever there is a rule there is also a valid exception. And this is what Jesus was pointing out to the Pharisees. For Jesus the fulfilment of a human need is more important than fulfilling the law in this case the Sabbath law.

Law/s should always serve the good of humanity, laws are there to serve humanity not to punish or restrict humanity.

Some of us create restrictive and oppressive laws inside our own respective fields. Not to serve its purpose but to serve our own selfish purpose and interest. At the end, due to our insistence of fulfilling our self created and self serving laws. It results to enmity and discord among us.

And the law that we have created to create order becomes the very reason for disorder, conflict and disunity. – Marino J. Dasmarinas

Source: mjdasma.blogspot.com/2016/01/reflection-for-january-19-tuesday-of.html

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PEOPLE OF GRACE – Then he said to them, “The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath. – Mark 2:27

Take this quiz: Name the five wealthiest people in the world. Name the last five Jones Cup champions. Name the last decade’s bar topnotchers.

How did you do? These names are the best in their fields. But the applause dies. Awards tarnish. Achievements are forgotten. Certificates are buried with their owners.

Here’s another quiz. List a few teachers who aided your journey through school.Name three friends who have helped you through a difficult time.Think of a few people who have made you feel appreciated and special. Was that easier?

My point: The people who make a difference in your life are not the ones with the most credentials, most money or most awards. They’re the ones who care. People who loved you unconditionally when you thought the earth is for haters. People who gave you hope when you were gasping against certain extinction. People who believed in you after you’ve written yourself off. They are the people of grace. They know that the “Sabbath is made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.”

My friend, are you a person of grace for someone today? Jon Escoto (faithatworkjon@gmail.com)

Reflection: What do people close to you remember you for? Have you been a person of grace to them?

Father, show me the person whom You want me to extend the power of Your grace today. I know they are not too far.

Source: kerygmafamily.com/modules/dailyreadings/read.php?date=2015-01-20

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GOSPEL – Jesus emphasizes that it is love that He is looking for, not legalism. In one sense legalism is easy. It forces us to work together as a community and not as individuals. A community that is legalistic compels cooperation under the framework of universal laws that often do not allow the individual to flourish. It is important that as we grow in discipleship we also learn to celebrate our differences and work hard to see how they can be used together for the work of the Kingdom of God.

Source: kerygmafamily.com/modules/dailyreadings/read.php?date=2015-01-20

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PUTTING THE CART BEFORE THE HORSE – “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.”

I think it was Countryman who first reported the story about a very charitable Protestant couple who, along with many Catholics, helped a lot of Jewish families escape the wrath of the Gestapo during World War II. When they died, their Catholic friends worked for them to be buried in the Catholic cemetery. But they were not allowed by the local Church authorities. So what they did was to choose a plot of land right next to the fence of the Catholic cemetery. After the burial, during the night, the Catholics did the unthinkable. They moved the fence of the cemetery so as to enclose the newly buried couple within the confines of the Catholic cemetery.

Sometimes, in our zeal to do the right thing, we end up not doing things rightly. At times, in our misguided attachment to rules and principles, we miss out on doing the proper thing.

Putting the cart before the horse… Sounds strange, right?

Well, what about this? Most garages now hold anything but cars. Cars stand out in the hot sun and garages contain mountains of items bought on sale just because they were on sale. Small wonder that, time and again, people hold what they call garage sale, where they sell for a song items stocked and left almost to rot in the garage, while the cars are left out to bake or freeze outside.

The Pharisees were right in their “principle.” No one should work on the sabbath. The disciples, who probably were looking for a shortcut, passed through standing grain, picking some of them, and munching as they trudged along. They pounced on this to condemn the men and their leader. They preferred to keep the principle while disregarding persons.

Jesus upholds the dignity of the person above all. He did not put the cart before the horse. Fr. Chito Dimaranan, SDB

REFLECTION QUESTION: Between standing up for your principles and caring for the needs of the people around you, which would you choose?

Lord, help me to make love always the basis of all my choices and decisions.

Source: kerygmafamily.com/modules/dailyreadings/read.php?date=2015-01-20

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LOVE ABOVE LAW – The Pharisees accused Jesus and His disciples for violating the law on the Sabbath. They saw Jesus’ group picking some heads of grains while walking in the greenfields. Jesus took the opportunity to clarify the Law and remind them of its spirit by citing that David and his hungry men ate the consecrated bread which only priests could eat. Then Jesus told them that Sabbath was made for man and not man for Sabbath. The law should serve man and not vice versa.

In law, there is a dictum which states “dura lex, sed lex” which means, “the law may be harsh, but it is the law.” This is how the Pharisees looked at the Torah, but Jesus brought it back to its true spirit. The welfare of man is paramount, not the law. The fact that it is harsh already says that it does not apply. Exceptions are not violations or disrespect but manifestations of the limitations of the law.

If you see a person dying on the road on your way to church, will you still proceed to worship? Or will you stop and help the dying person? I’m sure God will not fault you for not going to church because you helped a dying person. Love calls us to serve.

God gave us laws and commandments so we will have a list of things we ought to do — and not do. But they are not everything. Doing only those listed is not enough. Our focus must be the Lord and not only the law. That is why Jesus told the rich young man, who wanted to gain eternal life and followed the commandments since he was young, to leave everything and follow Him.

Following the law is not enough. Following Jesus is what’s necessary. Fr. Benny Tuazon

REFLECTION QUESTION: Are you more focused on the Lord or on your religious practices?

Lord, Your love is worth more than all the laws combined. Remind me to love others, too, above all things. Amen.

Source: kerygmafamily.com/modules/dailyreadings/read.php?date=2016-01-19

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January 19, 2016

REFLECTION: In today’s first reading, we have one of the profoundest statements of the Bible: “Not as man sees does God see, because man sees the appearance but the Lord looks into the heart” (NAB). In this case we learn how the prophet Samuel’s preferences for choosing a new king are entirely based on appearances: stature, good looks, imposing presence. And, as we learn from the rest of the story, he is always dead wrong.

How many of our judgments on people are based on very exterior things such as looks, job occupation, way of dressing, make-up, fashion, etc.? It is astounding to see how much space is given in daily newspapers to fashionable clothes, fashionable shoes, fashionable perfumes, etc. In all this, only the exterior appearance is valued—as if people had no souls! Yet, God sees us from a completely different point of view. He looks into our hearts. Since we ourselves are unable to do so, why judge people at all? We simply lack the data to do so fairly. “Do not judge and you will not be judged,” Jesus tells us (Mt 7:1).

CLARETIAN COMMUNICATIONS FOUNDATION, INC.

8 Mayumi Street, U.P. Village, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, Philippines

Tel.: (02) 921-3984, 922-9806 • Fax: (02) 921-6205

Source: schoolofthewordonline.com/scriptural-library/daily-gospel/english/item/3417-january-19-2016

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The disciples and the Sabbath

January 18, 2016

REFLECTION – THE SABBATH WAS MADE FOR MAN. Another controversy between Jesus and the Pharisees is on the observance of the Sabbath. After the Babylonian exile, the observance of the Sabbath became one of the most important elements of Judaism. Strict observance of the Sabbath was imposed, as we find in the Ten Commandments (cf Ex 20:8-11; Dt 5:12-15). The Hebrew word shabbath literally means “to cease from work, to rest.” To reap or pluck grains during Sabbath is therefore a great offense against the Ten Commandments. Jesus, however, has a different interpretation on the observance of the Sabbath, namely, “The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath.” With Jesus, the person is more important than the law. The law should uphold the dignity and well-being of a person, not degrade the person. Human beings are the crown of creation because we are created in the image and likeness of God.

How do you show in your life that you see God’s image in every person?

SOURCE: “366 Days with the Lord 2016,” ST. PAULS Philippines, 7708 St. Paul Rd., SAV, Makati

City (Phils.); Tel.: 895-9701; Fax 895-7328; E-mail: books@stpauls.ph; Website: stpauls.ph.

Source: mb.com.ph/the-disciples-and-the-sabbath-3/ (2016.01.19)

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Monday, January 18, 2016

TUESDAY OF THE 2ND WEEK IN ORDINARY TIME (YEAR C) – MARCOS 2: 23-28. UNSA MAY GISUGO SA ADLAW’NG IGPAPAHULAY? Usa sa Napulo ka Sugo sa Ginoo mao ang pagbalaan sa Adlaw’ng Igpapahulay, nga para sa mga Katoliko mao ang adlaw’ng Domingo. Ning maong adlaw, obligado kita nga mohunong sa pagtrabaho sa atong naandang buluhaton aron sa pagsimba ug pagdayeg sa Dios. Apan wala kini magpasabot nga dili na kita molihok ning maong adlaw. Gani, mahimo man kita nga magbuhat sa atong mga apostolado matag Domingo. Kon kinahanglanon kaayo, mahimo usab kita nga motrabaho aron sa pagluwas og kinabuhi, atoa o sa laing tawo. Sa pag-ingon ni Hesus, “Ang Adlawng Igpapahulay gibuhat alang sa kaayohan sa tawo”, buot lamang niyang ipasabot nga ang kaluwasan sa tawo mas importante kaysa bisan unsang balaod. Posted by Abet Uy

Source: abetuy.blogspot.com/2016/01/tuesday-of-2nd-week-in-ordinary-time.html

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Tuesday of the 2nd Week in the Ordinary Time

1 Sam 16: 1-13; Mark 2:23-28

Test of Love

Jesus was a very good supporter of his disciples like a good leader. Even when seemingly his disciples were at fault as per the law of the time, Jesus gave a new interpretation to it to defend his disciples and in the process brought out the sublime idea that all laws have their rationale in the wellbeing of the human beings. Though most of us are aware of this very principle, when it comes to enforcing the law, this very foundational principle is conveniently ignored. In our eagerness to maintain the status quo or organizational set up, we are often not ready to view things from other person’s points of view. Our aims, most of the times, tend to be the aims of the organization at the cost of personal wellbeing. This is true of the church, the secular organizations and even most of the political organizations in many instances.

In many cases punishments are meted out to the guilty so as to make it out as an example for others so that they may not repeat it. But our experience is that as the number of prisons and punishments increases the number of crimes also increases.

Jesus reminds us that every law should be tested with the touch stone of love. If a law does not stand the test of love or promote love, it need not be obeyed. If this is the major consideration in our application of the law, the society will be more open and spontaneous.

One has to have the guts to violate such laws and regulations which are not founded on love. Of course sometimes it would put one into trouble. But then Christian life is a life of challenges and risks. Fr. Paulson Muthipeedika CMI

Source: navchetana.com/web/homilies.php?date=2016-01-19

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See Today’s Readings:  Year I,   Year II

Back to: Tuesday of the 2nd Week of the Year

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